ICAN: The Noble Prize for Peace and India's Stand on Nuclear Ban - Seeker's Thoughts

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ICAN: The Noble Prize for Peace and India's Stand on Nuclear Ban


Introduction- Nuclear bomb, one among the most controversial innovation of human mind has been always criticised by some humanists as well as some organizations. The importance to abolish these nuclear weapons was highlighted by certain countries in the summer of 2017, when 122 countries backed the United Nations treaty to ban the bomb. Further, international organization ICAN got the Nobel Prize for Peace 2017 for it’s a decade long work against the Nuclear weapon use. 
The Beginning- The destruction from Nuclear weapon (Atomic Weapons) was faced by the only country Japan in World War II. Since the end of the world war second, the United Nations general assembly has been trying to eliminate the atomic weapons from National armament. The effort has been going on since 1946.  Download App for Seeker's Essays
The disasters done by the Nuclear- 
Huge environmental disaster can be left behind the Nuclear attack
Catastrophic human consequences will lead to a potential holocaust. 
Threaten the biodiversity as well as the climate of the earth. 
The contribution of ICAN to get the Noble Peace Prize- ICAN emphasized and drawn attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground breaking efforts to achieve a treaty based prohibition.
ICAN turned the treaty legally binding through its ground breaking efforts. This small known organization tied up with various NGO’s in different countries and raised awareness against the use of Nuclear weapon.
Threat in today’s world from Nuclear Powers- There are rising threats of Nuclear weapons specially from North Korea and Iran. The hunger to chase the power and political miscalculations may lead to the holocaust of human again.  

Nine exceptions- Nine world’s known nuclear armed states – US, Russia , Britain and China boycotted the talks. More countries need to sign the treaty before it becomes the international law.
India’s Stand on Comprehensive ban on Nuclear Treaty –India supports the basic principles of The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). After the 1964 Chinese nuclear test, driven by security considerations, received a further fillip during the 1965 India-Pakistan War, which saw China extending not only diplomatic support to Pakistan but also threatening India with an attack of its own.

These events marked a watershed in India’s nuclear policy. In November 1965, India embarked upon the Subterranean Nuclear Explosion Project (SNEP), designed to carry out a peaceful nuclear explosive test (which was eventually done in 1974) and use that as a foundation for keeping the nuclear weapons option open.

Subsequent developments including China’s attainment of ballistic missile capability and America’s attempt to intimidate India during the course of the 1971 War only reinforced Indian security concerns. Yet, India did not abandon its goal of nuclear disarmament.

Post the 1974 peaceful nuclear test, India maintained a policy of self-restraint till 199. India’s advocacy of a test-ban treaty as an essential element in the larger process of total nuclear disarmament received a setback with the indefinite extension of the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) without a simultaneous commitment by the nuclear weapon states on nuclear disarmament. It is against this backdrop as well as India’s growing security concerns about Pakistan’s acquisition of nuclear weapons capability and the assistance that China has provided in this regard that India chose to oppose the CTBT in 1996. And driven by these security considerations, India eventually conducted a series of nuclear tests in May 1998.

India is already in de facto observance of the spirit of the Treaty by maintaining its unilateral moratorium on nuclear explosive testing. By committing to the Indo-US nuclear agreement, India has further expressed its principled support to the test-ban treaty. The deal, which took more than three years of intense diplomatic bargaining and the investment of huge political capital to reverse years of technology denial, has provided enormous benefits to India. These include India’s acceptability as a state with advanced nuclear capability and international standing as a responsible nuclear weapon power. there is no need for additional nuclear tests by India unless of course there is a significant deterioration in its security environment
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