Chabahar Port and its strategic importance for India and Afghanistan. - Seeker's Thoughts

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Chabahar Port and its strategic importance for India and Afghanistan.

Where is Chabahar?

The port Chabahar is located in southeastern Iran in the Gulf of Oman. It is the only Iranian port and direct access to the ocean.


No other international port has seen the level of involvment and enthusiasm for Chabahar as India. The port made a way for India to bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan using  a sea -land route. At present Pakistan does not allow India to tansport through its territory to Afghanistan. It has however allowed some Afghan shipments to come to India. Iran played the key gateway in this project. It entails the ship rail and road route for moving freight from India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central asia . The objectives of the corridor is to increase  trade connectivity between major cities such as Mumbai , Moscow, Tehran etc.

First Shipment- In November 2018

India flagged off a shipment of wheat for Afghanistan through Iran's Chabahar port for the transhipment of goods from India to the landlocked country in November 2017. The development was seen as significant one as it minimized Pakistan's veto over trade between india and afghanistan  .

This moved aimed at circumscribing  India's role in Afganistan. It comes almost 15 years after India and Iran first agreed to develop the Chabahar port to ease connectivity bottleneck for new Delhi in reaching out to landlocked central aisia  and Afghanistan . The wheat shipment is a landmark moment as it will pave the ay for operationilization of the chabahar port as an alternate , relaible and robust connectivity for Afghanistan. It opens up new opportunities  for trade and transit from and to afghanistan and embrace trade.

It facilitates India’s role in Afghanistan’s development through infrastructure and education projects. And it gives India’s bilateral ties with Iran, a major oil supplier and potential trade market for India, a big fillip. India has helped develop the Shahid Beheshti port with these outcomes in mind, and has been given the contract to manage it for 18 months in December 2018.