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Agriculture and Related Schemes in India

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Agriculture and farmers welfare work in India-
Government of India has constantly working for welfare of the farmers. Agriculture sector has always been on high priority to improve agricultural related problems.The government has rolled out a number of new initiatives in agriculture sector.

Government’s on going programmes  by several ministries.

1 ) Operation Green – A price fixation scheme which got launched on the lines of operation flood to achieve  the target of doubling the farmers income by 2022. Tomato, onion and potato(TOP) are being focused in the particular scheme so as to increase their yield and income by ensuring they get adequate price in their produce.A sum of 500 crore rupees has been allotted for it in the union budget.

2) Gobar-Dhan Yojana – It stands for Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan scheme.Under this the residuals and cattle dung would be converted in to Bio-CNG and bio-gas, thus providing the farmers in generating the alternative source of income. 700 districts have been chosen to be covered during current fiscal year. It would also help in achieving the status of open defecation free villages thus making it cleaner.

3) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana – Under the scheme farmers will have to pay a uniform premium 2% for all kharif crop and 1.5% for all rabi crops. For annual commercial and horticulture crops, farmer have to pay a premium of 5%. The remaining share of the premium will be borne equally by the centre and the state government .The PMFBY replaces two schemes national agriculture insurance scheme as well as  the modified NAIS.

4) Kusum Scheme – Kusum is the acronym for Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan. It is a solar power scheme especially for farmers for setting up grid connected solar plants in rural areas and off-grid solar pumps. The use of solar farm water pumps by incentivizing  the farmers for employing these.

5) Kisan Credit Card— It was launched in 1998 prepared by NABARD on the recommendation of R.V committee . It aims at providing credit support to the farmers for their use. Now this has been extended to FISHERMAN and CATTLE owners. A holder of KKC is also covered by a personal accident cover.

6) Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana— It was launched on 6th march 2018, implemented by ministry of food processing industries.It aims to integrate  all the current and new schemes in the food processing sector, to reduce the food wastage , to double the farmers income by giving good returns to all the farmer. It also aims to create modern infrastructure with good supply chain management.

7) Atal Bhoojal Yojana— The scheme was launched  to recharge groundwater and create sufficient water storage for agriculture purposes .The revival of surface water bodies so that groundwater level can be increased. It is launched in several states of the country.

8) Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana— The aim of this scheme to make sure farmers get reasonable prices for their crops. 8 crops covered under this scheme  are – soybean, groundnut, til, ram til, maize, moong, urad and tuar dal.

9) Sub-Mission on Agriculture Mechanization --  The objective is to promote agriculture mechanization among small and marginal farmers and in the areas  where the level of mechanization is very low.

Conclusion
The government has also announced a couple of initiatives to resolve the farmer problems. The cabinet committee on economic affairs CCEA has approved blue revolution in India. It’s  an integrated schemes designed to increase the productivity and profitability from agriculture and fisheries resources, inclusive both and marine. There are several on going schemes with the aim to maintain an annual growth rate in agriculture and allied sectors.