Skill India Mission - Seeker's Thoughts

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Friday, 10 August 2018

Skill India Mission

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Introduction

'Skill India' is a campaign launched in 2015. the campaign aims to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.The government has initiated various programmes to support it.

Objective of ‘Skill India’
The main goals are to create opportunities, space and scope for the development of the talents of the Indian youth.  the objective is also to develop sectors those were already associated with skill development and to identify new sectors. The new programme aims at providing training and skill development to 500 million youth of the country by 2020, covering each village. Various schemes are also proposed to achieve this objective.

Missions and Schemes for Skill Development, Livelihoods and Gainful Employment: -
1-  Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Kaushal Yojana – DD-GKY --- is a placement linked skill development program for the rural youth. DD-GKY funds a variety of skill training program all over the country that includes over 250 trades such as retail, hospitality, health, construction, automotive, leather electrical, plumbing gems and jewellery etc. It is being implemented in almost all the states & union territories by Ministry of Rural Development. DD-GKY is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM).


2- Deendayal Antyodaya yojana- National Urban Livelihood Mission – DAY- NULM – The main aim of this mission is to curb poverty of the urban poor households by providing them access to their skill related employment opportunities in an organized manner. As a part of this scheme, regional workshop has also been conducted in support of urban homeless, urban street vendor etc. DAY-NULM is implemented by Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
3- Udyamita – A five-year plan (2016 to 2020)  aimed at creating a favourable ecosystem for entrepreneurship. it is also to educate and equip potential,  early stage entrepreneurship, connecting entrepreneurship through a mentor network, and coordinating and supporting government schemes.
National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) Ajeevika –  it is an initiative launched by Ministry of Rural Development, government of India. The ajeevika skill development programme operates under NRLM. It aims to understand the professional aspirations and interest of youth and to also increase daily income. The mission provides young people from poor communities an opportunity to upgrade their skills and enter the skilled work force of the country. Some key features of the scheme include, post placement support, food and transport during training and assured placement.
Samarth – It is a scheme of Ministry of Textile. It has broad objective  to skill the youth for gainful and sustainable employment in textile sector covering entire value chain of textiles, excluding spinning and weaving. The scheme is intended to provide demand driven, placement oriented national skills qualifications framework compliant skilling programmes to incentivize and supplement efforts of industry in creating jobs in textiles sectors.

Sankalp Scheme– SANKALP stands for “Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion”. the scheme is to enhance institutional mechanism for skills development and increase access to quality and market-relevant training for the work force.
It is aimed at institutional reforms and improving quality & market relevance of skill development training programs in long and short-term vocational education and training. It also aimed at channelizing energy of youth in proper education, skills and jobs. Government of India has signed 250$ million load agreement with World Bank for this project.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra for skilling in smart cities –   This is India’s first scheme for skill development in Smart Cities.  It has been set Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas yojana by national skill development corporation in collaboration with new Delhi Municipal Council NDMC. It will provide skill training for unemployed youth through short-term training module and contribute to capacity building of municipal employees through recognition of prior learning program.
Strive Scheme – Strive Scheme will incentivize ITI’s to improve overall performance including apprenticeship by involving SME’S (small scale enterprises) business association and industry clusters. It will develop robust mechanism for delivering quality skill development training by straitening institutions National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), state skill development mission (SSDMs), sector skills councils, ITI’s and national skill development agency. It is also aligned to flagship government programs such as Make in India and Swachta Abhiyan.

 National Skill Development Agency (NSDA)
NSDA is an autonomous body of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, which aims to coordinates the skill development efforts of the government and the private sector to achieve the  set target by 2022. The NSDA works in partnership with several agencies like the National Skill Development Council, Central Ministry Skill Programs, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Sector Skill Councils. The NSDA works with different kinds of skill sector and it ensured that the skilling needs of the disadvantaged and the marginalized groups like SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities, women and differently abled persons.