Electrical Implant ---- Hope for Paralyzed People - Seeker's Thoughts

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Electrical Implant ---- Hope for Paralyzed People

Electrical implant 

A new technology has been able to make paralyzed patients from the waist down to be able to walk. This technology  comes in from of an electric patch fitted to the spinal cords. According to experts, the device helps to transport lost signal from the brain to the leg muscles.

Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles. Paralysis can be accompanied by a loss of feeling in the affected area if there is sensory damage as well as motor. About 1 in 50 people in the United States have been diagnosed with some form of paralysis, transient or permanent.

How it works?
Spinal cord stimulation is a procedure that delivers low-level electrical signals to the spinal cord or to specific nerves to block pain signals from reaching the brain.
During spinal cord stimulation, a device that delivers the electrical signals is implanted in the body through a needles placed in the back near the spinal cord. A small incision is then made to place the pulse generator in the upper buttock. The patient may turn the current off and on or adjust the intensity of the signals. Some devices cause what’s described as a pleasant, tingling sensation while others do not

This research is based on two distinct treatments: epidural stimulation of the spinal cord and locomotor training.
Epidural stimulation is the application of continuous electrical current at varying frequencies and intensities to specific locations on the spinal cord. This location corresponds to the dense neural networks that largely control movement of the hips, knees, ankles and toes.
Locomotor training aims to ultimately retaing the spinal cord to “remember” the pattern for walking by repetitively practicing standing and stepping. In a locomotor training therapy session, the participant’s body weight is supported in a harness while specially trained staff move his or her legs to simulate walking while on trade mill.

This breakthrough demonstrates that some brain- to -spine connectivity may be restored year after a spinal cord injrury as the participants living with complete paralysis will be able to walk, stand, regain trunk mobility and recover a number of motor functions without physical assistance when using the epidural stimulator and maintain focus to take steps.