Indus Water Treaty 1960- Importance - Seeker's Thoughts

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Monday, 3 September 2018

Indus Water Treaty 1960- Importance

Introduction
India and Pakistan have agreed to undertake Indus water treaty 1960. It mandated tours by their water commissioners in Indus basins on both sides to resolve issue various hydroelectric projects in Jammu and Kashmir. This was decided in recent concluded high- level bilateral talks on Indus water treaty in Lahore, Pakistan.  
The previous meeting of the Pakistan-India permanent Indus commission was held in new Delhi in March during which both the sides had shared details of the water flow and the quantum of water being used under the 1960 Indus water treaty.
Bilateral talks 2018
Technical discussion was held on implementation of several hydroelectric projects under the provisions of Indus water treaty including Pakal Dul (1000MW) and Lower Kalnai (48MW) in Jammu and Kashmir. India has invited Pakistan experts to visit of pakal dul and lower kanai hydropower projects on Chenab river in September 2018 to address it concerns over construction of the projects. During the talks Indian rejected Pakistan’s objection to the construction work and has hinted at the continuation of the work on both the hydropower projects. Deliberation further talked about the strengthening the role of permanent Indus commission (PIC) UNDER 1960 Treaty.
What was the Pakistan’s demand?
Pakistan has been demanding reduction of height of Pakal Dul’s reservoir up to five meters, maintenance of 40- metre height above sea level and making spillways gates of Pakal Dul project. Besides it is also asked for clarification of pattern and mechanism for water storage, releases and some technical concerns over design of lower kalnai hydropower project from India.
Indus Water History Background
the Indus Water Treaty is a water treaty between the India and Pakistan. The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by the Indian prime minster Jawaharlal Nehru and president of Pakistan field marshal Mohammad Ayyub khan. The world bank is a signatory as a third party.
Provisions of the treaty
The Indus system of river comprised three Western rivers – the Indus the Jhelum and Chenab and three Eastern rivers- the Sutlej, the Beas and the Ravi.  Western Rivers come under Pakistan, and with minor exception, the treaty gives India exclusive use of all the waters of the eastern rivers and their tributaries before the point where the rivers enter Pakistan. Similarly, Pakistani has exclusive use of the western rivers. Pakistan also received one-time financial compensation for the loss of water from eastern rivers.
The countries agree to exchange data and co-operate in matters related to the treaty. For this purpose, treaty creates the permanent Indus commission, with a commissioner who will be appointed by each country.