National REDD+ strategy - Seeker's Thoughts

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Sunday, 2 September 2018

National REDD+ strategy


Introduction: National REDD+ Strategy:
United Nation's Programme, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation 0r (UN-REDD programme) is a collaborative programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), created in 2008 in response of the UNFCC decisions on the Bali action plan and REDD+, a voluntary climate change mitigation approach that has been developed by  Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

REDD+ means “Reducing Emission from Deforestation and forest Degradation”, conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.
REDD+ Aims to achieve climate change mitigation by incentivizing forest conservation. It has been prepared by Indian council of forestry research & education Dehradun.
It is one of the most important tools to give best additional efforts from India’s commitment to 2015 Paris Agreement. It will also support empowerment of youth cadres as community foresters to lead charge at local level. Under it, Green skill development programme will be launched to give youth special skill in the field of forestry.
Historical background
The idea of REDD+ to take the action against deforestation had been called in Paris agreement on climate change for all the developing nations. It recognised the role of forests in climate change. India has committed to capture 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide CO2 through additional efforts in forestry sector. India’s first biennial update report to UNFCCC has revealed that forests in India capture about 12% of India’s total green house gas emission. Thus, forestry sector in India is making positive cost-effective contribution for climate change mitigation.
Eligible Activities
The decisions on REDD+ specify five “eligible activities” that developing countries may implement to reduce emissions and enhance removals of greenhouse gases--
1 – Reducing emissions from deforestation. 
2 - Reducing emissions from forest degradation.
3- Conservation management of forests
4- Enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
Concerns
Since the first discussion on REDD+ in 2005, COP -13 in 2007, and COP-15 in 2009, many concerns have been voiced by various aspects of REDD+. Full scale implementation can be challenging for the developing nations. As these have to grow economically while addressing the concerns related to climate.
 The REDD+ approach link to vast populated countries which are facing several problems like – pollution, unemployment, hunger, poverty etc. It will increase the participation of forest community and indigenous  people. It will also include indigenous people's participation  in implementing and monitoring the designs without higher technologies. The crucial concern remains related to funds and the working of the countries in a way that benefits are distributed equally among all those who manage the forest.
A way forward
National REDD+ strategy can be helpful for India to fulfil its nationally determined contribution commitments and will also contribute to livelihood of forest dependent population. It will help to enhance efforts for forest conservation and enhance productivity of forest eco-systems. Tribal and other forest dwelling people will play important role as forest are well known by them. To make this strategy successful government should chose responsible public servant and hire expert team to monitoring activities with advanced technology.