Super-bug and its harmful fatal effect on human body - Seeker's Thoughts

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Wednesday, 5 September 2018

Super-bug and its harmful fatal effect on human body

Introduction: Drug-resistant superbug in hospitals: study 
Recently Researchers from university of Melbourne, Australia have found that superbug resistant to all known antibiotic. It can cause severe infections or even death. The problem is that the superbug  is spreading undetected through hospital wards across the world. 
Researchers have discovered three variants of multidrug-resistant super bug in bacteria known as staphylococcus epidermidis in samples collected from 10 countries. It include strains in Europe that cannot be controlled by any drug currently in the market.

What is staphylococcus epidermidis?

It is - occurring optionally in response to circumstances rather than by nature and needing oxygen.
It is a part of the normal human flora and is found on the skin. Colonies of these bacteria can produce a protective slime, that means- A slime layer in bacteria is  unorganized layer of extracellular material that surrounds bacteria cells. 
The function of slime layers is to protect the bacteria cells from environmental dangers such as antibiotics and desiccation.
Staphylococcus epidermidis is usually not pathogenic (carried by a bacteria, virus or other microorganism) causing disease unless it enters into the human body.


The Infection Places-  One of the most common places for infections are hospitals where people often have weakened immune system, open wounds or medical devices implanted in their bodies. Staphylococcus epidermidis can be fatal because of the protective biofilm and the bacteria’s resistance to common antibiotics makes the infection difficult to treat. This stresses the importance for hospitals to make prevent infection by a sterile environment.
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How does it effect on human body?

Staphylococcus epidermidis is dangerous because it doesn’t respond well to antibiotics. As mentioned earlier, this bacterium species normally isn’t harmful but just like other non-pathogenic microorganisms, it too can become pathogenic.
At greatest risk of staphylococcus epidermidis infection are individuals with a weakened or compromised immune system. Most cases are observed in people with catheters (a medical thin tube) and other prosthetic (artificial body part) device including artificial heart valves. They usually contract the infection in a hospital setting.

Treatment of Staphylococcus Epidermidis Infection
Staphylococcus epidermidis infection is difficult to treat because the bacterium has developed resistance to multiple antibiotics. Most infections are treated with the medicines which are recommended as a treatment for complicated bacterium and skin diseases.

Conclusion
These findings indicate to give an urgent attention for better understanding of how infections spread. Earlier study had suggested some hospital superbugs are growing increasingly tolerant to alcohol-based disinfectants found in sanitizers and handwashes used on hospital wards.
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