India got funds for Coastal Disaters- The Importance and understanding the situation. - Seeker's Thoughts

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Wednesday, 24 October 2018

India got funds for Coastal Disaters- The Importance and understanding the situation.

 India's coastal communities to get 43 USD million to boost climate resilience  
UN- backed fund has approved 43.4 US million dollars for enhancing climate resilience for millions of people living in India's coastal communities in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Odisha as part of its efforts to combat extreme impacts of climate change. 


The grant is a part of more than 1 USD billion approved by the Green Climate Fund for 19 new projects to help developing countries to tackle climate change. 
The new project will be supported through the United Nation Development programme (UNDP), is an essential step for India in reaching its goal outlined in the Paris Agreement and 2030 Agenda for sustainable development goals. 
The 21st meeting of the green climate fund (GCF) board ended in Bahrain’s capital Manama
. 
What is the need of such fund for Indian coastal communities? 
India's coastal areas are extremely fragile and vulnerable due to climate change. Coastlines are the most disaster prone areas and most affected by climate change globally. In last few years Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea are both predicted to be subject to extreme climate variability.
Area faces heavy disastrous cyclones in the eastern part of the country. India has about 6,740 km2 of mangroves which is one among the largest mangrove forests in the world. Mangrove cover along India's coastline has decreased by 50% in some areas, largely because of human pressure, including alteration of flow of freshwater from upstream. Sea- level rise in predicted to result in further reduction.  

The Report of the World Bank0
According to a report from the World Bank, an increase in global mean surface temperature of 2-degree Celsius will make India's monsoon highly unpredictable, while 4-degree Celsius increase would result is an extremely wet monsoon (which currently has a chance of occurring once in 100 years) occurring every 10 years by the end of the century. 

What threats do coastal communities face? 
India has been adversely affected by natural hazards and extreme weather events over the last decade. During 2015, a marked increase in high rainfall incidences resulted in localized flooding. These floods occurred during the winter monsoon and were linked to the EI Niño phenomenon. 
The flooding affected more than 1.8 million people caused damage to infrastructure in affected communities of over 15 USD billion. Storms, heat waves, cyclones and floods result losses and damages, as well as loss of life. 
 Coastal states are particularly vulnerable to an increase rate of cyclones.  On an average of five cyclones annually hit India. 

The Study
As study examining cyclone activity in India has found an increasing trend in length of the cyclone season and intensity of cyclones for the period 1979-2008. 
The heavy winds generated by cyclones assist in the formation of storm surges, which produce large area variation in sea level around coastlines. 

How the project will work? 
1 – the project will focus on restoration and conservation of mangroves, coral reefs, seagrasses and salt marshes.  
2- this project will include local youth, and will trained to work with scientists in monitoring ecosystem health and coastal ecology. 
3 – It will also include innovation and variation like online decision-support tool availability via mobile phone use by government officials, academic institutions, community members and scientists for strengthening climate risk-informed coastal management and infrastructure planning.  
4- Project will also build local knowledge of climate change and the associated risks via training and public education programmes. 

Significant of the project 
Under the project, over 1.7 million people are expected to directly get benefited with the livelihood support, with another 10 million benefitting from improved shorelines protection, in reaching Sustainable Development Goals for gender equality and reduced inequalities. The project is focused on providing tangible benefits for women, female- headed households, young and the elderly, and members of schedule castes and tribes. 
Over 3.5 million tones CO2 will be sequestered through restored ecosystem over the next 30 years. 

How it will lead India to a better future? 
The new project is an essential step for India in reaching its goal outlined in the SDG these goals compacts call on every nation to end poverty and hunger by 2030 and to take strong action to ensure no one left behind in protecting vulnerable people from extreme impacts of climate change. 

Green Climate Fund 
The GCF was set up in 2010 under the UNFCCC’s (united nations framework conevntion on climate change) financial mechanism to channel funding from developed countries to developing countries to allow them to lessen climate change and also adapt  a strategy for tackling the disruptions arising from changing climate. 

The fund is governed and supervised by a board that has the full responsibility for funding decisions and that receives the guidance of the COP (conference if the parties). The fund is accountable to and the functions under the guidance of the, of the COP.