India Wins Election to UNHRC - Does india deserve such precious place??? - Seeker's Thoughts

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India Wins Election to UNHRC - Does india deserve such precious place???


Introduction: - India wins election to UNHRC with highest votes 
Recently India was elected to the United Nation’s top human rights body for a period of three years beginning from  January 1, 2019.
India got 188 votes in the Asia-Pacific category, the highest number of among all candidates. The 193-member UN General Assembly held elections for new members to the UN Human Rights Council. 
The 18 new members were elected by absolute majority through secret ballot countries needed a minimum 97 votes to get elected to the council. 
India was participated for a seat in the Asia Pacific Category. Along with India Bahrain, Bangladesh, Fiji and Philippines had also staked a claim in the same regional group. Given that there were five nations which participated for five seats in the Asia Pacific category, India’s election to the council was all but certain. India’s win with the highest number of votes “reflects India's standing in the international community.” 
This was fifth time India has been elected to UNHRC, previously was elected 2006-2009, 2011-2014 and 2014-2017 
What are United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)? 
It is an inter-governmental body within United Nations System. It aims to strengthening promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on then. It was created by United Nation General Assembly UNGA on 15 march 2006 by adopting resolution 60/251 to promote human rights globally. It had replaced former UN commissions on human rights. It is headquartered in Geneva Switzerland. 
Functions  
Member of the council work to engage countries in improving human rights. They make decision ranging from exposing violations to recommending that UN security council make referral to international criminal court. UNHRC does not have authority to take action but can put significant pressure on violating country. It can also set up special rapporteurs with mandate to investigate and report human-rights violation and abuses. 
U.S.A had withdrawn from UNHRC.  
Human rights and the Indian constitution 
The constitution of the republic of India which came into force on 26th January 1950 with 395 Articles and 8 schedules, is one of the most elaborate fundamental laws ever adopted. The preamble to the constitutions declares Indian to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic. The term democratic denotes that the government gets its authority from the will of the people.  
It gives a feeling that they all are equal “irrespective of the race, religion, language sex and culture” the preamble to the constitution pledges justice, social, economic and political, liberty of thoughts, expression, belief, faith and workshop, equality of status and of opportunity and fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation to all its citizens. 
In India there are multiple ways of protecting human rights. The parliament and the executive are entrusted with the creation and implementation of the law of the land, while judiciary protects its execution. 

Protection of Human Right Act, 1993 
India introduced the protection of human rights Act, 1993 which provided for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission at the union level, which steers State Human Rights Courts for better protection of human rights and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. 
The National Human Rights commission and the state Human Rights Commissions are now very much a part of the life of the nation and, increasingly, of consequence to the quality of governance in the country.  
Awareness of the rights guaranteed by the constitution, include in the international instruments to which India is a state party, has increased dramatically in the country. 
National Human Rights Commission 
The national human rights of commission (NHRC) was established on October 12, 1993, under the provisions of the protection of human right act, 1993. The commission serves as an independent and autonomous body for protection of human rights in the country. 
Violation of Human Rights in India  
Human rights violations in India bring global scrutiny by humanitarian organizations, including United Nations' office of the high commissioner for Human Rights. 
On June 14 2018, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released its first-ever report on Kashmir, highlighting cases of extreme human-rights violations. The report was harshly criticized by the Indian ministry of external affairs despite substantial evidence of violence against the people of Kashmir. 
Though India stated the report was biased and disrespectful of its sovereignty. But the UN report was an unprejudiced attempt to save human lives. If OHCHR chose to focus on specific events in Kashmir, then the more frequent ones had a higher probability of being selected. This would imply that the report is not biased but shows that violations originating from India in Kashmir have become more frequent. 
Despite of that everywhere around the country human rights are being violated in different ways like mob-lynching, honor killings, rising rapes, slave labour and other severe crime which are against human rights. Apparently, India is one of the most dangerous country to live in. 
Conclusion 
It’s a great achievement that India is being elected in UNHRC, however the question is that how India can handle such honorable place in UN, when India itself is facing several human basic rights violations. How can India bring pressure on other countries who violate human rights? 
India should start working on itself first and protect human rights radically to maintain the prestigious place in UN. Being elected in UNHCR India should assure its own citizen by bringing strict laws to maintain and protect human rights. 
Though it would be a difficult task for Indian government, but as per the Indian constitution government should start some policies and create awareness among people about their human rights which are given in the constitution. Many communities, specially women and backward communities do not understand that they have received their rights.