China Taiwan and the US - Seeker's Thoughts

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Friday, 7 December 2018

China Taiwan and the US


Understanding the relation of China and Taiwan.
The Nation of China has two separate authorities – The Republic of China- is knows as Taiwan and The People’s Republic of China is known as China. At present, the large majority of the world has official diplomatic relations with Beijing while still retaining economic and cultural ties with Taipei. 
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The government operating on Taiwan is a self-sustaining, fully functional, democratically-elected government unrelated to Beijing with its own economy, currency, etc.
Taiwan is an independent "country" is a very large grey area which cannot possibly be covered however it is important to understand that Taiwan has been governed separately from mainland China since 1949 when the Republic Of China (Taiwan) government relocated to the island after military defeat by the communists, and locally governed since the 1980s (as opposed to politicians from mainland China who fled to Taiwan).
So, when it comes to economic interest, it is a complicated issue. Taiwan has a limited economic and diplomatic capacity.  Therefore, two entities share the similar heritage, language and culture, yet the future aspirations politically may differ- that is where the complexity starts.
 What happens in Taiwan Locally?
Apart from economic prosperity, when it comes to politics- there are two political groups- first is named as the Democratic Progressive Party, who has been gaining more support. This part is more about the idea of independence.
The second party is named as Kuomintang Party, which favours the unification with China. The party lost election during 2000-2008.
The conclusion is that- Taiwan actively wants to gain sovereignty and want to make sovereign decisions.
 What does China want?
China needs to reunite with Taiwan, by force if necessary.
The US  and Taiwan Relations 
The US has adopted one China Policy during the Carter administration in 1979. The US has strategically dealt with Taiwan.  Taipei’s relations with China has changed since the election of Donald Trump as a president of America.
America since the time of Donald Trump sought to leverage Taiwan to pressure China in the U.S.’s ongoing trade war.
Donald Trump received the congratulatory from Ms Tsai, who is from the Democratic Progressive Party on his poll victory.
The episode raised concerns over the status of U.S.-China diplomatic relations, established in 1979, and the consequent downgrading of the U.S.’s ties with Taipei to unofficial exchanges.
 The 2018 Taiwan Travel Act aims to promote greater engagement between Washington and Taipei.
Similarly, the new headquarters of the American Institute in Taiwan in Taipei is symbolic of the shift. The Taiwanese President’s recent visits to the U.S. and interactions with several Congressmen have predictably angered Beijing.
The Tension between China and Taiwan
The closeness with America did not go well with China, and China used its relations with developing nation as a tool against Taiwan. As a result, many African nations withdrew the formal ties with Taiwan since Ms Tsai was elected as president.
On The Other hand, Taiwan has alleged that the recent mayoral election was meddled by Beijing. China was accused by Taiwan for funding the opposition party which seek for unification with China.
 More to know
In December 2018 the opposition party gained popular support in local elections which indicated unification with China. Democratic Progressive Party Chief President Tsai Ing-wen has stepped down as the party chief taking the moral responsibility for set back.
Taiwan government also did not want a long dispute with China.
Taiwan sports team always participated under the Chinese Taipei, however, there was a referendum to rename Olympic team as – Taiwan. People rejected the change in name, that clearly shows that there remains a greater preference to maintain the status quo.