Women’s Share of Workforce, Politics Drops- World Economic Forum - Seeker's Thoughts

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Wednesday, 19 December 2018

Women’s Share of Workforce, Politics Drops- World Economic Forum

According to World economic Forum’s report ‘Global Gender Gap Report 2018’, the global gender gap narrowed slightly in 2018, proportionately fewer women than men are participating in the labour force or in political life. 

Overall, the economic gender gap narrowed in 2018; however, access to health and education, and political empowerment suffered a negative trend.   Iceland remains the world’s most gender-equal country. Another major highlight is that at the current rate of change, the global gender gap will take 108 years to close; economic gender parity remains 202 years off. Most of the people think that gender biased is only related to economics, for example- In terms of women’s participation in jobs, and interpersonal dynamics- like men being insensitive towards women.
According to the report, the world has closed 68% of its gender gap, as measured across four key pillars: economic opportunity; political empowerment; educational attainment; and health and survival.

Only one – economic opportunity – narrowed its gender gap. However, in the same economic pillar, data suggest that proportionately fewer women than men are participating in the workforce. At the same time, women are under-represented in growing areas of employment that require STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) skills and knowledge.

The other three pillars – education, health and politics – saw their gender gaps widen in 2018. In terms of political empowerment, the year-on-year deterioration can be partly attributed to the lower tenure of women in head-of-state roles around the world.
India (108th, 66.5%) records improvements in wage equality for similar work and fully closed its tertiary education gap for the first time, but progress lags on health and survival, remaining the world’s least improved country on this subindex over the past decade
The truth is that the people protect systems, practices, structure, and institutions which fundamentally exclude, disenfranchise and marginalized women.

According to American Sociologist, William Ogburn calls a cultural lag.  The cultural lag can be understood as the mismatch between the material conditions of life which change quickly. But behavior and attitude, these take time to change.
Poverty can also be addressed as it is a manmade disaster. More economic return is possible when women start participating into economy.

According to the 2018 UNESCO Institute of Statistics  report on women in science, 44% Bachelor students and 41 percent  of doctoral students in India are female. The report says that Indian women face 'Double Burden Syndrome".

What is Double Burden Syndrome?
A cultural factor where both men and women feel the family and household duties are primarily the woman's responsibility. Therefore, women have to work efficiently in both places without support of male members - that hampers their career and growth as an individual. 
Brilliant minds are forced into marriages and responsibilities while they have more potential to serve the entire humanity and achieving different milestones. 
India needs more researchers, and the world also needs them. Women participation remains a cause of concern in various part of the globe, not only in India except a few locations. 
When qualified minds drop out of the work force, it results in considerable depletion of national resources in science and technology. 

Stereotype encounters by girls where being good is associated with leaving career and doing household chores. The Indian crowd still find women to be raised for marriage, as everything a girl does, at every step she is told, to be perfect and to please in laws so that her marriage survives. 
Somehow marriage centric society forced both men and women being into relationships which are forced. 
Patriarchal society is another reason where society considers that being woman means incapable of living life alone. Women are given difficult choices when it comes to their careers. 
Women continue to face discrimination on the work place, where men domination does not come out of the sexist ideologies. 
The Economic Survey of India published in the last week of January 2018 shocked the nation with the number of Unwanted Girl Child. The survey has highlighted the Son Meta Preference. The real picture of society and the attitude towards girl child is first time documented in such government document. 
The Son Meta Preference- The term son meta preference is used for 'the want' or 'the attitude' parents have. In this scenario parents keep on giving birth to the children until the son is born. The number  of girl born in such scenario is recorded in survey remains 21 million. 
There are various consequences girl child faces when born unwanted- The corollary is that the girls receive fewer resources because their parents wanted a son leading to girls suffering disproportionately from disease, neglect, or inadequate nutrition.