Crime in India - An Analysis - Seeker's Thoughts

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Crime in India - An Analysis


Uttar Pradesh topped in the highest incidence of violent crimes accounting for 12.1% of total violent crimes in India with cases of – 40,613 out of 3,305,901. 


It was followed by Maharashtra with 11.1% where 30,290 out of 3,305,901 cases reported among 35 mega cities, whereas India’s capital reported 31.2% 533 out of 1,706 of total rape cases. According to the National Crime Bureau.

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Final figures of criminal records registered in India during the year 2018. According to the NCRB report, 50 lakh cases of cognizable crime were registered across the country during this period


India is some of the most populous countries in the world. Needless to say, the crime rate is increasing every passing day. 

From assault to robbery to rape, tragic crime cases are jolting the entire nation at regular intervals.

Besides, homicide has emerged as one of the common and heinous crimes in India. And with the upsurge of media, criminal cases are getting highly sensationalized and hogging prime time.

However, every case gets its fifteen days of fame and the uproar dies down as the wheels of justice grind slowly, the common citizen if often left wondering as to the fate of each case.

violence-riots


Insight understanding as per the NCRB Report

At least four categories where significant diversification of data can be seen are crimes against women and children, atrocities against lower cast people, cases of corruption, and time taken by police and courts to take cases to their conclusion.

The statistics revealed that 188 senior citizens were murdered in Tamil Nadu, followed by 152 in Maharashtra and 127 in Uttar Pradesh. 

As many as 62 senior citizens were victims of attempt-to-murder case in Tamil Nadu, which is the second-highest in the country after Maharashtra that reported 66 such cases.

In cybercrime, there is a 77% rise in the number of criminal cases was observed in 2017 compared to 2016. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka registered the maximum number of such cases.
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Among road accidents, Delhi stood first with 1,451 victim in 1,317 accidents caused due to negligence, while Chennai was in second place with 1,404 victims in 1,312 road accidents. 

Of these, 176 were hit and run cases and the vehicle that caused the accidents could not to be traced.

In the case of women and children, he NCRN has this time recorded data for murder with rape. In 2017 as many as 33,885 women were reported to have been raped across the country. 

Of these, 227 were murdered after the rape. As many as 28,152 children were raped with cases registered under the Indian penal code and the POCSO Act. Of these, 151 were killed after being raped.

                                  

The number of  women-centric crimes is given as 600, of which 271 relate to publishing or transmitting sexually explicit material under the Information Technology Act.

Sexual harassment at the workplace and in public transport. As many as 479 and 599 cases were reported in 2017 under these categories respectively.



Under the category of rioting which includes vigilante action, disputes over water, power, and property and rioting during morchas.

Some other new data include the spreading of fake news where 257 offenses have been recorded. As many as 952 election-related offenses were also recorded in 2017 apart from offenses relating to religion (1,808) and Obscene Acts and songs at public places 29,557.

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Careless in the justice system
The data show police delayed charge sheets in 40% of cases. For IPC crimes, police are supposed to file a charge sheet within 90 days. 

But the data show that in certain cases such as rioting, which includes communal riots, police delayed the filing of charge sheets in 60% of the cases. It says there are more than 3 lakh cases pending investigations for more than one year.


Bihar state – the capital of riots

With 11.698 rioting cases, Bihar was the rioting capital of India in 2017, followed by Uttar Pradesh 8,990 cases and Maharashtra 7,743 cases. Incidentally, even in 2016, Bihar had the highest number of rioting cases.

The Crime rate is offenses registered per one lakh people.
Odisha and Telangana recorded the second-highest crime rate of 94 each, followed by Haryana (88) and Rajasthan (73).
Eight states -- Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura -- registered crimes against women only in three digits, with not even one percent contribution to the all-India figures, according to the NCRB data.
Among Union Territories, Chandigarh registered 453 cases, followed by 132 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, 147 in Pondicherry, 26 in Daman and Diu, 20 in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and only six in Lakshadweep, the data stated.
The crime rate is offenses registered per one lakh people.
Odisha and Telangana recorded the second-highest crime rate of 94 each, followed by Haryana (88) and Rajasthan (73).
Eight states -- Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura -- registered crimes against women only in three digits, with not even one per cent contribution to the all-India figures, according to the NCRB data.
Among Union Territories, Chandigarh registered 453 cases, followed by 132 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, 147 in Pondicherry, 26 in Daman and Diu, 20 in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and only six in Lakshadweep, the data stated.
The NCRB, under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, is responsible for collecting and analyzing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code and special and local laws in the country.
violence-riots



Government steps to prevent crime event

As it comes into the concurrent list according to the constitution. Centre and states have to take mandatory initiatives to prevent crime.  

There are is an urgent need to reform and analyze the system.  Social development and social awareness might help in the reduction of crime events. The government should focus to bring sensitivity to the system.

Improvement in administration is needed. Measures to make the public place safer is mandatory to protect the public. There is a rise in the number of cases involving juveniles.

The government needs to universalize education for gender sensitization for reducing crime against women. Political interference should be eliminated for protecting criminals.

In 2006 Supreme Court ordered police reforms, which is not yet implemented in some states.
Indian states government failed to curb crime

For years India has grappled with the tag being the most dangerous country when it’s about crime. The successive government introduced measures, but there is increasing evidence that they don’t work and are counterproductive indeed, in key Indian states, criminal cases are on the rise.

Although the constitution of India mandates that as a federal union of states, law and order issues remain primarily with state governments.


States like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra are the top states for registered rapes and sexual assaults, according to data from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), a federal body that collates statistics across states.

 These state governments are introducing new measures to increase women’s safety, but experts say their moves are not addressing root causes and systemic failures in India’s creaking criminal justice system.




When Uttar Pradesh chief minister Ajay Singh Bisht, (Yogi Adityanath) came to power in 2017, he decided to tackle the problem of women’s safety by creating the controversial ‘anti-Romeo squad’, with police roaming in civil dress to surveil public spaces to keep a check on street harassers (also known as “roadside Romeos”). The squad was eventually disbanded

The rising number of crimes has put state lawmakers in a difficult position and they have criticized the police, who then discourage victims from filing cases.

Experts say government initiatives and implementation of laws won’t create change if a culture of impunity has made the criminal justice system weak

Conclusion

Crime is a serious issue to be concerned about. Corrupt society somehow is also a reason for crimes. 

People who are indulged in the crime are fearless due to some corrupted public servants. Small cities and districts are the most affected places. In many places, the police could not reach.

 It is extremely mandatory to reform the whole system to prevent crimes. 




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