Trans fat is responsible for more than 5,00,000 deaths each year - Seeker's Thoughts

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Trans fat is responsible for more than 5,00,000 deaths each year





 Do you know that food you consume may have the trans-fat which can kill you slowly?


 According to WHO, Trans fat is responsible for more than 5,00,000 deaths each year from coronary heart diseases globally.




Over two-thirds of the global burden of disability and death is attributable to non-communicable diseases.
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 Do you know that diseases like - common cancer, dementia, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and respiratory disorders can be caused by trans-fat?


 The World Health Organization is working for reducing noncommunicable diseases include tobacco, alcohol, physical inactivity and poor diet. 




Poor Diet contributes to a larger burden of disease


 Most of the people consume products which leads to health problems. Poor Diet may not always be related to money but with the consumption habits. 


 Poor dietary habits account for an estimated 11.3 million death annually, compared with 2.1 million for low physical activity, 6.1 million for tobacco smoke and 3.1 million for alcohol and drug use.


 Processed foods high in sugar, salt, saturated fats and crucially, industrial trans- fatty acids create an unhealthy Global food environment among the highest population.



 What are processed foods? and why is it harmful?


Processed foods are altered in some way during preparation to make them more convenient, shelf-stable, and flavourful for consumers.

Processed foods are chemically processed in addition to being mechanically processes.

 For example, if apples are peeled, cored, and cooked to make apple sauce, it's considered to be mechanically processed and would count as a healthy option. 


 But if sugar and artificial flavors and colors are added to the apple sauce, it would be considered chemically processed.



There are two types of processed foods

 If you are buying anything from the market, the food can often be in the processed category. However, food can be minimally processed or heavily processed.

Minimally processed foods - are often washed, peeled and cut for conveniences, such as bagged salads and pre-cut vegetables.



Heavily processed foods remain the canned vegetables and fruits, frozen vegetables and fruits, and canned fish and seafood fall somewhere in between, while foods containing multiple ingredients to enhance their flavor, texture, and stability would be considered heavily processed food.



Health effects of processed food

Processed foods are loaded with Sugar, Sodium, and Fat



They are loaded with added sugar, sodium, and fat. Too much sugar, sodium, and Fat in diet can lead to serious health issues including obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and cancer. 


Unfortunately, processed foods are often packed with these hazardous ingredients.



What are trans- fats? and its health effects?


Trans fats can be found in many food-including fried foods like doughnuts, and baked goods including cakes, pie crusts, biscuits, frozen pizza, cookies, crackers, and stick margarines and other spreads.

The amount of trans fats can be known in a particular packaged food by looking at the Nutrition facts panel.

However, products can be listed 0.5 frames of trans fats if they contain 0 grams to less than 0.5 grams of trans fat per serving. 

There are two broad types of trans- fats found in foods: Naturally occurring and artificial Trans-fats.

Naturally-occurring trans-fat is produced in the gut of some animals and food made from these animals (e.g., milk and meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats.



Artificial trans-fats or trans fatty acids are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid.



The primary dietary source for trans-fats in processed food is "partially hydrogenated oils."



Health affects - trans- fats raise bad cholesterol levels and lower good cholesterol levels. Eating trans-fats increases the risk of developing heart disease and stroke. It's also associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.



How does it make addicted?

The human brain can sometimes allow consuming more of their favorite food than the human body actually needed.

According to medical news today, processed food manufacturers know this lucrative fact, so they purposely include ingredient- most commonly sugar, salt and fat that make their products highly rewarding to humans. These ingredients lead human to overeat and they buy some more again n again.


WHO initiative to eliminate Trans Fat
The World Health Organization has partnered with International Food Beverage Alliance (IFBA) to achieve its target under 'REPLACE STRATEGY" of eliminating Trans-fat from industrially produced global food supply by 2023.
Eliminating Trans Fat from the food supply by 2023 is one of the most effective and simplest ways to save lives and simultaneously creating a healthier food supply.

IFBA members ensured that they will not exceed trans-fat's industrial limit 2 gram per 100g fat/oil in their products globally by 2023.

Some countries started Eliminating Excessive use of Trans fat or processed food.

Several high-income countries have virtually eliminated industrially-produced trans-fat through legally imposed limits in the amount that can be contained in packaged food.

Some governments have implemented nationwide bans on partially hydrogenated oils, the main source of industrially produced trans fats.

Denmark became the first country to mandate restriction on industrially-produced trans fats in the food product in 2003. Shockingly the results of eliminating trans fat decline in deaths due to cardiovascular disease more quickly in Denmark than in comparison to OECD countries. The move was then followed by some high-income countries.

In May 2018, WHO released 'REPLACE strategy' which provides six strategic actions to ensure the quick and complete elimination of industrially-produced trans fats from the food supply by 2023. 

What is REPLACE strategy?

WHO's six-steps REPLACE action package - provides all countries with proven tools to completely eliminate trans fats from their national food supply and counter increasingly changing food patterns. 

At present, 90% of people around the world - about 6.5 billion -are exposed to these artery-clogging substances, with little to no government support or alternatives offered WHO's REPLACE package aims to accelerate restriction on trans-fat products via an easy six-step process. Each of these steps can be readily embraced, implemented and enforced with game-changing effects.

REPLACE is an abbreviation for WHO's six strategic actions as:

1 - Review - Dietary sources of industrially-produced trans fats.
2- Promoted - Replacement of industrially-produced trans fats with healthier fats.
3- Legislate - Enact regulatory actions to eliminate industrially-produced trans fats.
4- Assess - Trans fats content in the food supply.
5- Create awareness - About the negative health impact of trans fats.
6- Enforce- Compliance of policies and regulations.

Use of Trans fat and excessive oil in Indian food

Artificial trans-fat is not present in processed food alone. The use of oil, for Example Vanaspati, which is loaded with trans-fat, in households is rampant.

More than 75% of the housewives in Delhi only are ignorant about the ill effects of Vanaspati oil. They use it regularly to cook parathas and poor and serve it their children for breakfast.

A survey conducted by the Diabetes Foundation of India showed most housewives reuse oil for frying. Hawkers selling chole bhature, puri, samosa and aloo tikki, which we love to eat, are able to keep the price low by restoring to the same practice.

Some Good processed foods

There are several processed foods which can be healthier than others.
Frozen veggies and fruits - Because they are minimally processed, they retain most of their nutrients.

Canned beans- They are rich in fiber, protein, and iron plus, they are low in fat and cost. 

Yogurt - It's a great source of calcium, protein, vitamin, and probiotics steer clear of the flavored verities and add fresh fruits and a little honey for sweetness.

Other are packaged nuts and nutbutters they are read source of fibre and protein, popcorn, minus the melted butter and extra salt, jarred and canned tomatoes which are minimally processed tomatoes actually contains more cancer-fighting lycopene than fresh ones. whole-grains breads, crackers and pasta can improve cholesterol levels, blood sugar regulation, digestion, immunity and more.





                         
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