Russia banned in olympic 2020 - know why? - Seeker's Thoughts

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Russia banned in olympic 2020 - know why?

The world Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has voted unanimously to ban Russia from the international sport for four years for doping offenses in December 2019.

It means the Russia flag and anthem will not be allowed at events such as the Tokyo 2020 Olympics and Paralympics and football’s 2022 World Cup in Qatar.

However, athletes who can prove they are untainted by the doping scandal will be able to compete under a neutral flag.



WADA’ executive committee made the unanimous decision to impose the ban on Russia on 9th December 2019.
It comes after Russia’s Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) was declared non-compliant for manipulating laboratory data handed over to investigators in January 2019.

According to WADA Rusada has 21 days to appeal against the ban. If it does so, the appeal will be referred to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).

For too long, Russia doping has detracted from the clean sport. The blatant breach by the Russian authorities of Rusada’s reinstatement condition demanded a robust response.


Despite the ban, Russia will be able to compete at Euro 2020 -in which St Petersburg will be a host city - as European football's governing body Uefa is not defined as a 'major event organization' with regards to rulings on anti-doping breaches.


What is doping?
Blood doping is an illicit method of improving athletic performance by artificially boosting the blood’s ability to bring more oxygen to muscles.

In many cases, blood doping increases the amount of hemoglobin in the bloodstream. Hemoglobin is an oxygen-carrying protein in the blood. So increasing hemoglobin allows higher amounts of oxygen to reach and fuel an athlete’s muscles. 

This can improve stamina and performance, particularly in long-distance events, such as running and cycling.
Blood doping is banned by the International Olympics Committee and other sports organizations.

Types of Blood Doping
The three widely used types of blood doping are:
-       Blood transfusions
-       Injections of erythropoietin (EPO)
-       Injections of synthetic oxygen carriers

Blood transfusion – in normal medical practice, patients may undergo blood transfusion to replace blood lost due to injury or surgery. Transfusions also are given to patients who suffer from low red blood cell counts by anemia, kidney failure, and other conditions or treatments.
Illicit blood transfusion is used by athletes to boost performance.

                                     
Autologous transfusion this involves a transfusion of athlete’s own blood, which is drawn and then stored for future use,

Homologous transfusion in this type of transfusion, athletes use the blood of someone else with the same blood type.

Injections of EPO – EPO is a hormone produced by the kidney. It regulated the body’s production of red blood cells.

In medical practice, EPO injections are given to stimulate the production of red blood cells. For example a synthetic EPO can be used to treat patients with anemia related to chronic or end-stage kidney diseases
Athletes using EPO do so to encourage their bodies to produce higher than normal amounts of red blood cells to enhance performance.

Synthetic oxygen carriers – These are chemical that have the ability to carry oxygen.
Athletes use synthetic oxygen carriers to achieve the same performance- enhancing effects of other types of blood doping: increased oxygen in the blood that helps fuel muscles.

Why Russia get banned repeatedly from the Olympics?
Doping in Russia has systemic nature Russia has had 43 Olympic medals stripped for doping violations – the most of any country, more than four times the number of runner-up and more than 30% of the global total.



In 2008, seven Russian track and field athletes have suspended ahead of the Summer Olympics in Beijing for manipulating their urine samples.
Reviewing 7289 blood samples from 2737 athletes from 2001 to 2009, a report found that the number of suspicious samples from "Country A" notably exceeded other countries.[
In 2010, an employee at the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA), began sending information to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) alleging that RUSADA was enabling systemic doping in athletics.


Rusada was initially declared non-compliant in November 2015 after a Wada-commissioned report by sports lawyer Professor Richard McLaren alleged widespread corruption that amounted to state-sponsored doping in Russian track and field athletics.
A further report, published in July 2016, declared Russia operated a state-sponsored doping programme for four years across the "vast majority" of summer and winter Olympic sports.

In 2018, Wada reinstated Rusada as compliant after the national agency agreed to release data from its Moscow laboratory from the period between January 2012 and August 2015.
However, positive findings contained in a version courtesy of a whistle-blower in 2017 were missing from the January 2019 data, which prompted a new inquiry.


Wada's compliance review committee (CRC) recommended a raft of measures based "in particular" on a forensic review of inconsistencies found in some of that data.
As part of the ban, Russia may not host, or bid for or be granted the right to host any major events for four years, including the 2032 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
DNA disease and location are connected know how?

What Putin said on banning?
Russian president Vladimir Putin said that Moscow had ground to appeal a decision by the WORLD Anti-Doping Agency to bar Russia from major sporting events, a move violated the Olympic charter.

Russia would analyse a decision, he said the WADA conclusions contained no complaints directed at Russia’s national Olympic committee.
And if there are no complaints against it, then the country should compete under the national flag. That written in the Olympic charter. That means that, in that aspect, the WADA decision violated the Olympic charter. Russia has all grounds to appeal.

He said, any punishment should be individual and should be linked to what has been done by one person or another. A punishment cannot be collected and apply to people who have nothing to do with certain violations.

If someone takes such decisions about collected punishment, there are every grounds to suppose that the basis for such decisions does not care about the purity if international sport, but political considerations that have nothing to do with the interest of the sport of the Olympic movement.

Who will be the biggest beneficiaries in 2020 Olympic when Russia get banned?
Data analysis by Gracenote which is a world’s leading entertainment data and technology company has shown that the biggest beneficiaries of Russia’s 2020 ban are likely to be the USA, China, and Japan, who should annex 10 of the banned nation’s projected gold medals between them.
Gracenote’s Virtual Medal Table had originally projected that Russia would leave the July 24 – august 0 Tokyo Olympics with 68 medals, including 24 gold.
But without Russia in the mix, the USA should win four more gold medals while china and japan are each projected to win an additional three gold medals according to the Gracenote.
Another 14 nations are projected to earn one additional gold medal each in Russia’s absence...
Gracenote’s table without Russia now shows the USA leading the way with 53 gold medals, followed by China 44 and hosts japan 33.

Olympic Games

Olympic Games, athletic festival that originated in ancient Greece and was revived in the late 19th century. Before the 1970s the Games were officially limited to competitors with amateur status, but in the 1980s many events were opened to professional athletes. Currently, the Games are open to all, even the top professional athletes in basketball and football (soccer). The ancient Olympic Games included several of the sports that are now part of the Summer Games program, which at times has included events in as many as 32 different sports. In 1924 the Winter Games were sanctioned for winter sports. The Olympic Games have come to be regarded as the world’s foremost sports competition.

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