Are Your Children Paying Lesser Attention? They Might Be Suffering From ADHD - Seeker's Thoughts

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Are Your Children Paying Lesser Attention? They Might Be Suffering From ADHD

Is your child paying lesser attention? In this situation we often scold our children for not paying attention to us as a parent. 

However, there might be some medical reasons behind it, and your child might be just  victim of a syndrome.. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder of children. Children with ADHD may be hyperactive and unable to control their impulses. Or they may have trouble paying attention. These behaviors interfere with school and home life.


The mean worldwide prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) of 2.2% overall (range: 0.1 -8.1%) has been estimated in children and adolescents (aged <18 years). 

The mean prevalence of ADHD in adults (aged 18-44) from a range of countries in Asia, Europe, the Americans, and the Middle East was reported as 2.8% overall (range : 0.6 -7.3%).



Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – ADHD affects children and teens and can continue into adulthood. 

ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder of children. Children with ADHD may be hyperactive and unable to control their impulses. Or they may have trouble paying attention. These behaviors interfere with school and home life.




It more common in boys than in girls. It’s usually discovered during the early school years, when a child begins to have problems paying attention.

Adults with ADHD may have trouble managing time, being organized, setting goals, and holding down a job. They may also have problems with relationships, self-esteem, and addiction.


There are three variants of ADHD –

1 – Predominantly inattentive

2 – Predominantly Hyperactive/ impulsive

3 – Combines Type – the inattentive type of ADHD



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Predominantly inattentive

It is characterized by failure to attend to details leading to careless errors, inability to sustain attention during activities, not listening when spoken to, poor organizational skills, forgetfulness and being easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.

The children often require a lot of guidance from parents and teachers in order to complete their work and their work is often poorly completed.


SymptomsA child with inattentive ADHD is easily distracted, doesn’t follow directions or finish tasks, doesn’t appear to be listening, doesn’t pay attention and makes careless mistakes, forgets about daily activities, has problems organizing daily tasks, doesn’t like to do things that require sitting still, often loses things and tends to daydream.

ADHD


Predominantly Hyperactive/impulsive

It is characterized by constant motion including fidgeting with hands or feet, squirming in one’s chair, leaving one’s chair and walking around the classroom or in other situations where this is inappropriate, high levels of energy, irritability, difficulty awaiting one’s turn and interrupting others.




Symptoms A child with hyperactivity ADHD, often squirms, fidgets, per bounces when sitting, doesn’t stay seated, has trouble playing quietly, and always moving, such as running or climbing on things (In teens and adults, this is more commonly described as restlessness.), talk excessively, and is always “on the go” as if “driven by a motor”., trouble waiting for his or her turn, blurts out answers and interrupts others.


Combined Types

This combined Type of ADHD (ADHD-C) contains components of both variants of ADHD.



Causes of ADHD

The cause of ADHD isn’t known. Researchers say several things may lead to it, including:

Heredity – ADHD to run in families.


Chemical imbalance – Brain chemicals in people with ADHD may be out of balance.

Brain changes areas of the brain that control attention are less active in children with ADHD.

Poor nutrition, infections, smoking, drinking, and substance abuse during pregnancy. These things can affect a baby’s brain development.

Toxins, such as lead – they may affect a child’s brain development.

A brain injury or a brain disorder – Damage to the front of the brain, called frontal lobe, can cause problems with controlling impulses and emotions.


Sugar doesn’t cause ADHD also isn’t caused by watching too much TV, a poor home life, poor schools or food allergies.

ADHD can’t be prevented or cured. But spotting it early, plus having a good treatment and education plan, can help a child or adult with ADHD manage their symptoms.

                               
Demographic factors of ADHD

There are demographic factors that impact the risks of being diagnosed with ADHD. Children living in households where English is the main language are more than four times as likely trusted source to be diagnosed as children living in households where English is the second language.

 And children living in households that make less than two times the federal poverty level Trusted Source have a higher risk than children from higher-income households.

ADHD affects children of all races Trusted Source, including:

·         Whites: 9.8%

·         Blacks: 9.5%

·         Latinos: 5.5%

Children are also diagnosed at different ages Trusted Source. Detecting symptoms differs from case to case, and the more severe the symptoms, the earlier the diagnosis.

·         8 years old: average age of diagnosis for children with mild ADHD

·         7 years old: average age of diagnosis for children with moderate ADHD

·         5 years old: average age of diagnosis for children with severe ADHD


Impact of ADHD on Children and Adults

The impacts of ADHD on both children and adults can be quite severe. Social relationships, suffer, poor academic performance is common.


Individuals with ADHD are less likely to graduate high school with a diploma or attend college, work history is more erratic and there is a greater frequency of substance abuse (Alcohol and marijuana), depression and anxiety disorders. 

Driving is an area of particular concern for young adults with ADHD. 

They are more likely to have traffic violations, get involved in car accidents, and are more likely to be injured in such accidents and less likely to follow the rules of the road.



Treatment

Many symptoms of ADHD can be managed with medication and therapy.

Medication called stimulants can help control hyperactive and impulsive behaviour and increase attention span. They include:

·         Amphetamine (Adzenys XR ODT, Dyanavel)

·         Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)

·         Dextroamphetamine (Adderall, Dexedrine)

·         Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)

·         Methylphenidate (Aptensio, Cotempla, Concerta, Daytrana, Jornay, PM, Metadate, Methylin, Quillivant, Ritalin)


Therapy: These treatments focus on changing behaviour.

·         Special education helps a child learn at school. Having structure and a routine can help children with ADHD a lot.


·         Behaviour modification teaches ways to replace bad behaviours with good ones.



·         Psychotherapy (counseling) can help someone with ADHD learn better ways to handle their emotions and frustration. It can also help improve their self-esteem. Counselling may also help family members better understand the child or adult with ADHD.


·         Social skills training can teach behaviours, such as taking turns and sharing.


Medical device: This is a new approach recently approved by the FDA. The Monarch external Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS) System is the size of a cell phone. It is attached to electrodes on a patch that is placed on the patient's forehead. 

Low level impulses are then sent to a part of the brain which is thought to cause ADHD. The device is usually worn at night and is only approved for children aged 7 to 12 who are not taking ADHD medications. 

Support groups of people with similar problems and needs can help with acceptance and support. Groups also can provide a way to learn more about ADHD. These groups are helpful for adults with ADHD or parents of children with ADHD.


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