Bubonic Plague Emerged in China - Seeker's Thoughts

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Bubonic Plague Emerged in China

Chinese eating habits have been the issue since initial cases of the coronavirus were linked to a wet market in Wuhan.

Another threat hovering around in China again after found a suspected case of bubonic plague. The plague was reported to be found in Bayan Nur, in the northern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

The official issued 3rd level warning of plague prevention and control. The third level alert forbids the hunting and eating of animals that could carry deadly viruses and plague.

According to the Chinese news agency in Xinhua had reported two suspected cases of bubonic plague in Khovd province in western Mongolia two brothers had consumed marmot meat.

It is still unclear that it came from marmot, the administration has asked people to immediately report any sick or dead marmot.

Marmot – large and heavy rodents that resemble squirrels.

What is the bubonic plague?

According to WHO, Bubonic plague is commonly caused by the bacteria name “Yersinia pestis”, it’s a zoonotic bacteria which usually found in small mammals and their fleas.

When people get infected with this bacteria often start developing symptoms after an incubation period of one to seven days.

Bubonic plagues can be transmitted between animals and humans by the bite of infected fleas, direct contact with infected tissues, and inhalation of infected respiratory droplets.

It can be very severe and deadly in people, with a case of fatality ratio of 30% to 100% for the bubonic type, and is always fatal for the pneumonic kind when left untreated.

There are two main clinical forms of plague infection – bubonic and pneumonic. Bubonic plague is the most common form and is characterized by painful swollen lymph nodes or ‘buboes’.

How contagious it can be?

It can be deadly unless treated early. It can be highly contagious and can trigger severe epidemics through person to person contact via droplets in the air.

It Took 584 lives from 2010 to 2015, there were 3,248 cases reported around the world. It is now mostly endemic in Congo, Madagascar, and Peru.

The bubonic plague was known as the “Black Death” in history. The plagues were responsible for widespread pandemics with high mortality. During the fourteenth century, it caused more than 50 million deaths in Europe.

Where it can be easily found?

It is transmitted from animal to human, so it can be found in all continents around the world, except Oceania. There is a risk of human plague wherever the presence of plague natural foci (the bacteria, an animal reservoir, and a vector) and the human population co-exist.

Plagues epidemic have occurred in most parts of Africa, Asia, and South America, but since the 1990s, most human cases have occurred in Africa.

Bubonic plague’s signs and symptoms

Most common people infected with bubonic plague develop the acute febrile disease with other non-specific system symptoms after an incubation period of one to seven days, as earlier mentioned.

Sudden onset of fever, chills, head and body aches, and weakness, vomiting, and nausea.

Bubonic plague is caused by the bite of an infected flea. Plagues bacillus, Yersinia pestis bacteria enter at the bite and travels through the lymphatic system to the nearest lymph node where it replicates itself. The lymph node then becomes inflamed, tense and painful, and is called a bubo.

In the advanced stage of the infection, the inflamed lymph nodes can turn into open sores filled with pus. Human to human transmission of bubonic plague is rare.

It can spread to the lungs, which can be a more severe type of plague called pneumonic plague.

Pneumonic plague or lunch-based plague is the most severe deadly form of plague. Incubation can be as short as 24 hours. A person with pneumonic plague may transmit the disease via droplets to other humans. Untreated pneumonic plague, if not diagnose and treated early, it can be fatal. And the recovery rates are high if detected and treated within 24 hours.

Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for survival and reduction of complications. Antibiotic and supportive therapy is effective against the plagues if patients are diagnosed in time.

Prevention is highly recommended

The plague is present in the environment preventive measure like informing and awareness in people is needed. Advising them to take precautions against flea bites and not to handle animals. Usually, people should be advised to void direct contact with infected body fluids and tissues. When handling potentially infected patients and collecting specimens, standard precautions should apply.

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