We Lost Millions of Girls Due to Gender Biased Prefrences - Seeker's Thoughts

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We Lost Millions of Girls Due to Gender Biased Prefrences


Around 46 million girls in India went missing. And about 142.6 million missing females around the world over the past 50 years.
According to the new report by the United Nations, that focuses on gender bias and violence against girls and women.


The number of girls missing at birth due to the practice of gender-biased sex selection was 0.33 million girls per year for the period 2007 to 2012.


This reflects a decline from an average of 0.58 million girls missing per year in the preceding six years. The period in between 2004 to 2006 witnessed the first visible signs of change.

China accounted for 72.3 million at 50% and India at 40% together account for around 90% of the estimated 1.2 million girls lost annually to female foeticide.


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United Nation Populations Fund report - stayed of the World population 2020 report

The report shows the figure of the missing female has more than doubled over the past 30 years who were at 61 million in 1970.

According to the Argentina Matavel UNFPA representative - Due to severe economic disruption and loss of income because of the pandemic there is a huge spike in violence against and girls and women.

The depressive impact of COVID-19 aggravates the unwantedness of daughters and gender discrimination and it will also impact all harmful and domestic violence practices as families lost income. It is imperative that we take care not reverse gains of the last few decades.

In India, the sex ratio at birth is 899 girls for every 1,000 boys, born during the time period of 2016 to 2018.

System statically reports 2018, states that in India 9 states have sex ration at birth below 900.


A report titled AGAINST MY WILL - Worldwide, one in five girls are married by age 18, and about millions of girls face physical, mental, and emotional abuse. With the acknowledgment and consent of their families.

According to the report, there are three most prevalent harmful practices girls and women face. Child marriage, son preference, and gender-biased sex selection, and genital mutilation. There is a list of 19 harmful human rights violations against women ranging from dowry related violence to “honor killing”.

In India, child marriage is an ancient practice that still exists, and it is directly or indirectly linked to poverty, poor education and geographic location, rural vs. urban.

Whereas gender-based sex selection as emerged as a problem among affluent families has today spread across the board.

In the year of 2014, India has the highest rate of excess female death at 13.5 per 1,000 female births or one in nine death of females below the age of 5 due to postnatal sex selection.

Whereas the same study shows that in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan excess female mortality of below 5 years of age was under only 3%.


Ultrasound imaging and abortions

Advance technology and increased to ultrasound imaging ensure that parents dint have to wait for the birth of a child to kill her but could terminate a fetus after knowing the gender. Consequently, this is also the main reason for the number of girls missing due to female foeticide exceeding those that we're missing because of postnatal sex selection.

If we talk about the current scenario, Covid-19 has reduced access to contraception and abortion services, which is likely to lead to an increasing number of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions.

Also Read, Violence against women has increased during COVID 19

Vinoj Manning, chief executive officer of the Ipas Development Foundation, stated that the first 4 months of COVID-19, estimates the access to 1.85 million abortions was compromised. Which is around 47% of the estimated 3.9 million abortions.


What efforts have been taken for awareness?

Governments initiated several actions to address the root cause of sex selection.

Along with India Vietnam has also included campaigns that target gender stereotypes to change the attitude and open the door to new norms and behaviors.

Both countries threw light on how girls and women have changed society for the better, campaigns and celebrate women’s progress and achievements may resonate more where daughter-only families can be shown to be prospering.

The report also found that successful education-related interventions include the support of cash transfer conditional on school attendance; or support to cover the costs of school fees, book, uniform, and supplies, taking of successful cash transfer initiatives.

It has been observed that preference for a male child manifested in sex selection has led to drastic long-term shifts in the proportions of women and men in the population of some countries.

This kind of demographic imbalance will have a severe impact on the marriage system. In countries where marriage is nearly universal, some men need to delay marriage because they will be unable to find a spouse.


Marriage squeeze and child marriage

Report’s expert state – this so-called marriage squeeze, where prospective grooms outnumber prospective brides, has already been observed in some countries and affects mostly young men from lower economic strata.

At the same time, the marriage squeeze could result in more child marriage.

Several studies and surveys suggest that the marriage squeeze will peak in India in 2055. The proportion of men who are still single at the age of 50 is forecast to rise after 2050 in India to 10%.


Conclusion

UN’s report stated that investment of 3.4$ billion a year through 2030 would help end the suffering of an estimated 84 million girls.

Ending the child marriage practice is possible but it’s a long way to go. There is a need to brought dramatic changes among society by scaling up efforts to make girls more educated and self-aware when it’s about to take the decision of their life or even if it’s about to choose a spouse.

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