The girls are being pushed into prostitution with the promise of good jobs. - Seeker's Thoughts

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The girls are being pushed into prostitution with the promise of good jobs.

Do you believe that there are girls who are pushed into prostitution with the promise of good jobs in all over the world? Bengaluru seemed to be a hub in India according to various published reports in newspapers. In India, girls are often trafficked from Bengal and Bangladesh to Bengaluru.

Many sex-trafficking rings have shifted to the suburbs where there is lesser scrutiny. There are raids, but these are few and far between. 

Moreover, there is no proper mechanism for their rehabilitation, particularly when those rescued are from out of the State. These women end up being forced back to prostitution.

“According to the National Crime Records Bureau, which last released the 2016 crime statistics, there were 1,100 cases of trafficking involving 2,712 victims and 3,921 persons were arrested between 2014 and 2016.

Nearly a quarter of the victims were children, while an overwhelming 80% of victims were women, suggesting the existence of a well-entrenched inter-State prostitution racket.”

Human Trafficking around the globe

A Global Report on Trafficking in Persons launched by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) provided new information on a crime. 

According to the report, the most common form of human trafficking (79%) is sexual exploitation. The victims of sexual exploitation are predominantly women and girls.

Surprisingly, in 30% of the countries which provided information on the gender of traffickers, women make up the largest proportion of traffickers. In some parts of the world, women trafficking women is the norm.

“The Global Slavery Index 2018 estimates that on any given day in 2016 there were nearly 8 million people living in “modern slavery” in India.

Among 167 countries, India ranked 53 with North Korea at the top of the list with 104.6 per 1,000; the government has strongly contested the claim on grounds that its parameter was poorly defined.”

Slavery still exists: Modern Slavery

Slavery has existed in different forms since ancient times. Despite being outlawed in most countries and the abolished movement in the 1800s, the crime persists in ways more pervasive and complex than ever.

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Modern slavery refers to situations where one person has taken away another person’s freedom- their freedom to control their body, their freedom to choose to refuse certain work or to stop working- so that they can be exploited.

Freedom is taken away by threats, violence, coercion, abuse of power and deception.

Modern slavery is a plain English term. It is not a legal definition.

Different countries use different legal technologies, but “modern slavery” includes the crimes of human trafficking, slavery and slavery-like practices such as servitude, forced labor, forced or servile marriage, the sale, and exploitation of children, and debt bondage.

Therefore, it is understood that Slavery is an extreme form of inequality and exists within a competing matrix of political, economic, societal, cultural and religious pressure. Modern slavery is bound to some of the most complex issue facing around the world.

Why does Sexual Exploitation Exist?

Several cultures are thought to have had more female slaves than male slaves. Enslaved women are given many tasks and one of the most common was working as a domestic servant.

Some female slaves were forced to become sex workers: not prostitute, as this is “forbidden in religion”, but concubines. Concubines were women who were sexually available to their master, but not married to him. Where a man could have as many concubines as he could afford.

Being a concubine did have some benefits: if a slave woman gave birth to her owner’s child, her status improved dramatically- she could not be sold or given away, and when her owner died she became free.

The child was also free and would inherit from their father as any other children. Concubinage was not prostituted in the commercial sense both because that was explicitly forbidden and because only the owner could legitimate have sex with a female; anyone else who has sex with her was guilty of fornication.

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Therefore, the cultural pride in having sex with more women has increased the problem in society, where the girls have marked clearly as ‘sex objects’.

Even though the United Nations is committed to fighting against slavery and considers bonded labor, forced labor, the worst forms of child labor and trafficking people as modern forms of slavery, but there is not a higher hope for it.

These types of slavery are global problems and go against article four of the universal declaration of human rights, which states that “no one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Not only that, there is an International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, 2 December, marks the date of adoption by United Nation General Assembly, convention for the suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the exploitation of the prostitution of others (resolution 317(IV) of 2 December 1940).

However, internally, the economically weaker section remains the target.

The focus of this day is on eradication contemporary forms of slavery such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, and the worst forms of child labor, forced marriage, and the forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.

Labour Victims have illegal Profit

According to the International Labour Organization, there are currently an estimated 21 million forced labor victims worldwide, creating US150$ billion in illegal profits in the private economy each year.

ILO has adopted a new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labor, which is set to enter into force in November 2016.

A way ahead

There is a need to focus on capturing and prosecuting the criminals, worldwide governments should focus on addressing the root cause of such activities.

The government should stop the penalization of trafficking victims such as restrictions on their travel and increase effective prosecution and convictions for all forms of trafficking. 

There is an urgent need of having more implementation and rehabilitation of victims. The psychological and social support should be provided. 

To achieve sustainable development goals, countries should get rid of all form of slavery. Each and every sector human should get human rights, therefore It is high time that the people around the world should get aware of their rights in order to make the world a better place to live freely.

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