Indo - China Relations- An overview - Seeker's Thoughts

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Indo - China Relations- An overview

Introduction -India and China play a crucial role in world politics as both are strong, and rising power. China is the leading manufacturer of various products while India has been growing faster due to constant reforms. 
Top officials of India and China held the ninth Annual Defence and Security Dialogue in Beijing in November 2018 after a one-year gap due to the Doklam standoff, as both countries agreed to enhance military exchanges and interactions. 


The conflicts remain inevitable due to suspicion, and border issue for long. Certain territories like some part of Arunachal Pradesh from India has been claimed by China. China remains suspicious about India's defence relations with the US. The conflict seems to be never-ending, yet both sides of China and India negotiated for 'conflict resolutions'. 



The ninth Annual Defence and Security Dialogue 

Both sides underlined the importance of this dialogue as an important mechanism between the two countries for consultations on defence and security matters. They emphasised the need to further strengthen military-to-military ties in order to strengthen political and strategic mutual trust between the two countries

Reasons for conflicts 
Further, there have been many more area of disputes which can be understood as given below.
India's Perspective
India views China's every move as targeted assault.
- Belt and Road initiative and economic corridor in Pakistan built by China goes through the disputed territory of India and Pakistan. China's building of economic corridor was against the sovereignty of India.
- Free Trade agreement with Maldives- India is not happy with China and the Maldives free trade agreement.
- Blocking Bid for NSG- China blocked India's bid for NSG, which did not please India.

China's Perspective
-China seemed worried about India's growing ties with America.  Recently India has signed a defence agreement with US, though India openly did not address America as a friend. -Yet American President called India as a friend.
-Quadrilateral engagement of India with Japan, Australia and the US keeps China worried.
-India's presence in Doklam was not much admired by the Chinese government

The Doklam Issue 
The 73-day tense standoff between the two militaries at Doklam, which was triggered by the Chinese PLA’s plan to build a road close to the narrow Chicken’s Neck corridor connecting India’s northeastern States in an area also claimed by Bhutan besides China.
The standoff ended when Chinese troops stopped the road construction after which both countries stepped up efforts to normalise relations leading to the informal summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping at Wuhan in April 2018.
Impacts of Conflicts - The need to hold 'dialogues' 
Due to India - China Conflict, more Transgression come into Picture one after another dispute. The world has already been facing severe conflicts, and Indo-china conflict will bring more instability in the region and world. The rise of suspicion may lead to growth in a future conflict which may impact upon the stability of the world. People to people tie get affected which causes economic and business losses at both sides Both countries will lose better chances of growth if remain indulged into such conflicts. Therefore, there is a great need to find a 'solution' which can be crucial for building peaceful relations between both countries. 

"Hand -in - Hand Exercise"


Two militaries are due to hold the annual ‘Hand-in-Hand’ drills in Dec 2018 in China after a gap of one year as post-Doklam Issue the exercise was not performed

To End the Conflicts 
Political Parameters and guiding principles for the settlement of India - China Boundary Question in 2005 is three step process-
1- The settlement of the border dispute
2- Formulating a framework on agreement on implementation of guidelines
3- Completion of Border Demarcation.
 There have been constant meetings to end the conflicts as in 2013 Border Defence agreement was signed between India and China, which did not come out that much fruitful and the conflicts have been on rising since then.
India Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Xi Ximping came for an agreement in 2017, and ' Astana Consensus' also came in to picture to end these disputes through negotiation.
Conclusion 
Both Sides are going through various negotiations, and the agenda should be to promote factor of stability in an increasingly unstable world.