The United States and North Korea’s Relations. - Seeker's Thoughts

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Monday, 1 July 2019

The United States and North Korea’s Relations.

North Korea and the United States have been on a tough journey like US- Iran, and US-China relationship. However, the G20 meeting held in 2019 brought a wave of optimism in the global economy, as the relationship between the U.S – China, and the U.S and Korea seemed to change. 
image source-military.com

Donald Trump landed in North Korea on 30th June 2019. That is significant in the U.S – Korea Relationship.
The peace deal between the US and North Korea held in June 2018, Singapore became historic, however, the road was not easy for sure.




Why does North Korea remain isolated?
The Brutal Japanese occupation of Korea lasted for 35 years and ended with the defeat of Japan in world war 2.
Japan was defeated by two superpower United States of America and the Soviet Union (USSR). These two superpowers turned out soon to be occupying forces. 
The US and North Korea have been in constant conflict since 1950 when Korea was divided into two parts-- North Korea and South Korea.
South Korea remained open to the world and at the same time, North Korea restricted herself. Due to the cold war- these two superpowers influenced Korea- US influenced South Korea while North Korea remained under the influence of the Soviet Union (USSR or Russia). 
The history of fear and provocative actions raises hostility on both sides. Koreans wanted to reunite as the division was forced by respective leadership. 
During 1990 US intelligence concluded that North Korea was indulged into Nuclear Programmed. American President Bill Clinton threatened sanctions, airstrikes and it was followed by the United Nations. 
Agreed Framework - 1994- Post disintegration of USSR in 1991(Soviet Union) North Korea faced a huge economic crisis. A huge famine and food shortage compelled North Korea to be open to the world.
So North Korea sought a resolution with dialogue. The agreed framework was the first attempt to reduce the tension between two countries and it was decided that North Korea would stop Nuclear Program and in return, US would build two light Nuclear reactors on the east coast of North with a target up to 2003 to supply energy to its population. 
This framework failed because America lagged behind in fulfilled its promise. 
George-W- Bush

Further, in 2001 George W. Bush came to power which further declines the relations of two nations. George W Bush was not happy with the agreed framework, and he publicly called North Korea an axis of evil which included IRAN and IRAQ. 

North Korea reacted sharply and George W. Bush's administration kept busy with invading against Taliban in Afghanistan. 

The policy of Strategic Patience in dealing with North Korea
In 2008 Barak Obama inherited these problems. He adopted the policy of Strategic patience, and there was little done. 
In 2012, when hunger and malnutrition once again hit North Korea, leader Kim Jong Un volunteer to halt nuclear weapon program in return of food aid. 
Barak-Obama
Barak Obama

North Korea Security was paramount and in 2016 the country did Nuclear Test which evoked sharp criticism. Obama left the office and suggested the UN Security Council impose a sanction against North Korea. 
Fire and Fury: A shift in policy change under Trump administration
Trump did not agree with the Policy of strategic patience and North Korea rose in the power of technical weapon which had the capacity to challenge the US.
Pyongyang test-fired a long-range missile into the Sea of Japan, with some experts stating the missile could potentially reach Alaska.
2017 August, tension rose in the war of words with the US over North Korean threat to fire ballistic missiles near US Pacific territory of Guam. 
Donald-Trump

Role of Russia and China
Russia, and China both criticized North Korea's threatening tests as well as cautioned America not to put sanctions against North Korea but to have a dialogue.
China announced plans to implement the UN sanctions against North Korea agreed to ban imports of coal, minerals, and seafood to bring North Korea under negotiating terms in 2016.
Even Singapore's Role in Peace Deal remained important as Kim Jong-un and US President Donald Trump's historic meeting in Singapore sought to end a tense decades-old nuclear stand-off.
It came as a win-win situation for both the parties as North Korea agreed to nuclear disarmament program and America has assured its security. Trump seemed to provide more respect to North Korea more than his predecessors
Also, Read---
However, sanctions imposed against North Korea continued until it demonstrated actions, yet China somewhat opened the sanction against North Korea. 
Therefore, North Korea opened to the world but the long-term rivalry does not with ease.
Contact between the two sides has since been minimal — with Pyongyang issuing frequent criticisms of the U.S. position — but the two leaders have exchanged a series of letters and Mr. Trump turned to Twitter in June 2019 during G20 meeting.
U.S. President Donald Trump stepped onto North Korean soil on 30th June 2019,  as he met Pyongyang's leader Kim Jong Un in the Demilitarized Zone dividing the peninsula, in a symbolic diplomatic spectacle and a first for any American president.




Bhim _UPI - 526683880@icici