International Day for Disaster Reduction 2018- Be prepared - Seeker's Thoughts

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International Day for Disaster Reduction 2018- Be prepared

There have been severe disasters in recent years. Due to change in climate – the catastrophic events are on rise. So the better preparation to tackle with the Natural disasters in needed.  To create awareness for Disaster Reduction, the International Day for Disaster Reduction is observed on October 13th. 

Theme: The theme of the 2018 International Day for Disaster Reduction was ‘Reducing Disaster Economic Losses’.
The 2018 theme continues as part of the “Sendai Seven” campaign, centered on the seven targets of the Sendai Framework. This year focuses on Target C of the Sendai Framework, which is, ‘reducing disaster economic losses in relation to global GDP by 2030’.
 The History behind the Day
In 1989, the UN General Assembly through a resolution had designated the second Wednesday of October as International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction.
Later on December 21, 2009, the Assembly adopted a new resolution on in which it designated 13 October as the date to commemorate the Day and it also changed the day’s name to International Day for Disaster Reduction.
 About Sendai Framework
Sendai Framework is a framework which has to be adopted after Hyogo framework for Action for the period of 2005 to 2015 came to an end.  So basically it is an international document which has guidelines and set of rules to be followed by the nation during 2015 to 2030.
The “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030” was adopted during the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan in March, 2015.
It is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action.
These four Priorities actions are-
1.       Understanding the disaster risk
2.      Strengthening the Disaster Risk governance to manage disaster risk
3.      Investing in Disaster risk reduction
4.      Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to build back better recovery
It was endorsed by the UN General Assembly following the 2015 Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR).
The Framework is for 15-year. It is a voluntary and non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders.
The implementation of the Sendai Framework involves adopting integrated and inclusive institutional measures so as to work towards preventing vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery and strengthen resilience.