What happens when women work? - Seeker's Thoughts

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What happens when women work?

Companies who believe in gender diversity, especially at the top perform better and get higher profits, while countries that increase women employment see better economic growth.

-       The United Nation's International Labour Organization study, released on 22nd May 2019. The survey titled " Women in Business and Management: The business case for change".


Women belong to the kitchen, if you are a woman of a conservative and traditional family, you might have heard it more often. You are not being treated in the right manner if your situations push you back to the kitchen and stop you from achieving your dream.

The United Nation’s one of the sustainable development goal to achieve gender equality will be possible only when women come equally at every front.

Leaving women behind in gender diversity impacts on the business outcomes, the UN’s survey has been done in 13,000 enterprises across 70 countries and it assessed the impact. 


What happens when women join companies/ professions?

Traditionally, Asian women are more controlled than those of Europe. Every continent has ways to keep women controlled. Asia remains one of the worst places for women, but women broke this barrier and achieved their dreams.

In India, the in the Lok Sabha elections of 2019, the women participation has increased to 14%. Though the number of representatives is very less, the good thing is that participation has increased.

According to the survey, nearly three-quarters of companies that tracked gender diversity in their management reported profit hikes of between five and 20%.

Some 57% said growing the number of women at the top made it easier to attract and retain talent, while nearly as many said they saw improvement of the company's reputation.

The survey also analysed data from 186 countries between 1991 and 2017, and found that increasing women's employment is associated with more economic growth at the national level.

The Middle East and North Africa Generally counting only around 10% women in management positions, the report showed.

While women's employment has grown worldwide in the recent decade, they still remain 26% points less likely to hold a job than men, ILO data shows.

Women are far less likely to rise to the level of management or to sit on company boards.
Globally, only around 20% of chief executives are women, and the ones that do get to run smaller companies.

Are the women taking men’s job?

There are prejudices against a working woman as if she snatched the piece of the man. The social stigma often goes so much against women that their work is rarely considered equal to the men. For promotions, and gains women are often blamed to have ‘sexual connections’ with powerful people.

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Therefore, seeing women as a sexual object, not more than that if often remain dominant in brains.

The threat to men’s job is not the women but the scarcity of jobs. The change in technologies has done both – the good and the bad. The nature of the job has changed, and one has to be updated to keep a pace with that.

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Do company prefer male or female?

Only 11% of companies reported a preference for men.
Currently, a third of the companies had no female employees, 71% have fewer than 10% female workers, and only 2.4 % have half or more females.

In retail companies, there is no female workforce participation, followed by transport and logistics at 36%. Companies in both sectors also stated that they prefer hiring men than women.
Less than a quarter of the companies provide maternity leave for permanent employee and ten percent for contract workers. 

Why do not women join the Jobs?

It appears that there are some non-economic, social and cultural factors. Due to the cultural factors, women leave the work to take care of the family.

·       One big factor is maternity as many women who join the workforce are unable to re-join after having a child. Indian government thought to support women by increasing maternity leaves to 26 weeks from 12 weeks, but that worked opposite. Indian companies acted like it was a burden for them, so they reduced women participation.

·       Concern about safety and harassment at work site stop women from working. 

·       When income increases, men allow women to withdraw from the labour force, thereby avoiding the stigma of working.

·       Parents are more concerned about the girl's marriage than educating her or make her self-sufficient. 

·       Girls are not able to complete their studies as they are being forced to stay in house and do household work.

According to the World Economic Forum, at the current rate of change, the global gender gap will take 108 years to close.

Is there any hope for women to chase her dreams?

The world economic forum published ‘Global Gender Gap Report 2018’ and that stated that in 2018 the global gender gap has narrowed down slightly.

However, fewer women participated in labour force or in political life.

Therefore, the report concluded that the economic gender gap ‘narrowed’ slightly in 2018 but at the same time access to health & education, political empowerment suffered a negative trend.

Is there any place where women are treated nice?

Yes, indeed! The Iceland remains the world’s most gender equal country.

Is gender gap only economic?

This is the myth that the gender gap is only economic. According to the World Economic Forum’s report, the world has closed 68% of its gender gap, as measured across four key pillars: economic opportunity; political empowerment; educational attainment; and health and survival.

Only one – economic opportunity – narrowed its gender gap. However, there are other areas as well where the gender gap has to be narrowed down.

The other three pillars – education, health and politics – saw their gender gaps widen in 2018.

In terms of political empowerment, the year-on-year deterioration can be partly attributed to the lower tenure of women in head-of-state rolls around the world.

India in 2018 recorded improvements in wage equality for similar work and fully closed its tertiary education gap for the first time, but progress lags on health and survival, remaining the world’s least improved country on this sub index over the past decade.

The truth is that the people protect systems, practices, structure, and institutions which fundamentally exclude, disenfranchise and marginalized women.

According to American Sociologist, William Ogburn calls a cultural lag.  

The cultural lag can be understood as the mismatch between the material conditions of life which change quickly. But behaviour and attitude, these take time to change.

Poverty can also be addressed as it is a manmade disaster. More economic return is possible when women start participating into economy.

According to the 2018 UNESCO Institute of Statistics report on women in science, 44% Bachelor students and 41 percent of doctoral students in India are female. The report says that Indian women face 'Double Burden Syndrome".

What is Double Burden Syndrome?

A cultural factor where both men and women feel the family and household duties are primarily the woman's responsibility. Therefore, women have to work efficiently in both places without support of male members - that hampers their career and growth as an individual. 

Brilliant minds are forced into marriages and responsibilities while they have more potential to serve the entire humanity and achieving different milestones. 

India needs more researchers, and the world also needs them. Women participation remains a cause of concern in various part of the globe, not only in India except in a few locations. 

When qualified minds drop out of the workforce, it results in considerable depletion of national resources in science and technology. 

Stereotype encounters by girls where being good are associated with leaving a career and doing household chores. The Indian crowd still find women to be raised for marriage, as everything a girl does, at every step she is told, to be perfect and to please in-laws so that her marriage survives. 

Somehow marriage-centric society forced both men and women being into relationships which are forced. 

Patriarchal society is another reason where society considers that being a woman means incapable of living life alone. Women are given difficult choices when it comes to their careers. 

Women continue to face discrimination in the work place, where men domination does not come out of the sexist ideologies. 

The Economic Survey of India published in the last week of January 2018 shocked the nation with the number of Unwanted Girl Child.

The survey has highlighted the Son Meta Preference. The real picture of society and the attitude towards girl child is first time documented in such government document. 

The term son meta preference is used for ‘The want' or ‘The attitude' parents have. In this scenario parents keep on giving birth to the children until the son is born. The number of girls born in such scenario is recorded in survey remains 21 million. 

There are various consequences girl child faces when born unwanted- The corollary is that the girls receive fewer resources because their parents wanted a son leading to girls suffering disproportionately from disease, neglect, or inadequate nutrition.

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