The Afghanistan War - Seeker's Thoughts

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The Afghanistan War

 

Afghanistan: The Seventh Century world in 21st

Afghanistan is such a beautiful place but due to political instability since the U.S. has pulled out so quickly and completely leaving Afghan Army – which lost to Taliban in 2021, the country has turned in to chaos.



The world already faced the economical and political crisis everywhere due to Covid 19 in the end of 2019. Above that it was disturbing to learn about that Taliban has won Afghanistan in the mid-August 2021. Just one year later of Afghanistan's government f
all, Russia attacked on Ukraine. The Political Instability, wars and political crisis are far worst and leave generations in poverty, hunger and backward.



Why shouldn’t the Taliban be in the government?

Their ideology is very orthodox and primitive. Women rights are non-existent, and the education and economical ways can be obsolete.

They are not having any educational model to implement. There were viral pictures over internet where they banned women to get education, dress moderately. At the same time young boys were protesting the ban.

It took multiple sacrifices for women to be where they are today and yet again women need next 100 years to get the gender equality even in the best countries around the globe.

Taliban’s victory has brought the sense of Joy in some country where a segment of Muslim supports the rule of Taliban.

Precisely it is not wrong to say that Taliban has forced women to be in a state of House Arrest.

Rules issued for women are----

  • "Women should not appear in the streets without a blood relative and without wearing a Burqa."
  • "Women should not wear high-heeled shoes as no man should hear a woman’s footsteps lest it excite him."
  • "Women must not speak loudly in public as no stranger should hear a woman's voice."

  • "All ground and first floor residential windows should be painted over or screened to prevent women being visible from the street."
  • "The photographing or filming of women was banned as was displaying pictures of females in newspapers, books, shops or the home."
  • "The modification of any place names that included the word "women." For example, "women's garden" was renamed "spring garden"."
  • "Women were forbidden to appear on the balconies of their apartments or houses."
  • "Ban on women's presence on radio, television or at public gatherings of any kind." 

 Not only those women were prosecuted for wrongdoing as well. Women like Malala Yusufzai tried to speak against Taliban, but she almost lost her life for doing so.

Afghani Government- The United States has backed the Afghani Government since 2001, which almost ruled for two decades and failed. There was a few reasons for government to fail.

Afghani people only joined Military to earn money. Afghani people have been fighting among themselves due to different authenticity and linguist identity.

 

Why did the Taliban win?

When the U.S Army withdrew forces, and without any plans for evacuating the Afghans who worked for the US and NATO forces, therefore, the blame was on the United States for withdrawing forces, and even on the leadership of the United States. The citizens of the United States blamed the local government of Afghanistan for not being effective and efficient in solving the local problems.

These blames might hold the truth, but somewhere strategic plan of the Taliban was also responsible for winning. They were clear what not to do, and what to do?

Taliban Leadership Council allowed targeting only foreign invaders, their advisors, members of all associated military, intelligence and auxiliary departments. They also targeted- high ranking officials, Members of Parliament, and officials related to the ruling government of Afghanistan at the period of time.

Not only that, but the Taliban leaders also tried to prevent the civilian causalities as per some reports. Taliban interestingly seemed to have neutral observes and judges across Afghanistan to facilitates formal complaints about targeting civilians and targeting violations.

 

What happened when Taliban took over?

It created a humanitarian crisis.

There is no data available that how many civilians were killed, but there have been viral videos of the incidents and at every major news channel the incidents have been reported. There is also an estimate that 560,000 people were displaced. A huge number of these flew as a refugee. Many Attacks were also targeted on Hazara Shia community. Taliban also forcibly evicted people from their homes.


However, for civilian killings, both Afghan Government Security forces were also responsible.

Afghanistan Economy is under stress

As per the UN at least half a million Afghans lost their jobs since Taliban took over, also by the middle of the year 2022, 97% of people could be living below poverty line.

The previous government funding has also been ceased.

City appears empty as per various news papers, and the number of beggars has increased significantly. Outside the Iranian embassy, there is a long queue of people for visa appointments. Even new born kids were abandoned. The girls were sold as a commodity for the families to survive.

 

UN reports about Afghanistan Crisis

There was shortage of food in many cities of Afghanistan, and hospitals were full. Medical supplies dwindled and job losses and inflation made it more difficult for people to purchase the food.

The largest jobs were created by the Afghan National Defence and Security forces which already has been dissolved.

Since Taliban took over, the international assets were froze and no salaries were paid.

 

Banks also have run out of cash.

Even Kabul’s airport was seriously damaged.

Throughout early 2022, 55% of Afghans will face acute food insecurity, including nearly 9 million people at emergency levels—one step before famine conditions.

 Food insecurity is likely to deepen in 2022 as the country is facing shortages of food, rapidly rising food prices and an ongoing drought

Freedom of Media, Speech and Assembly under the Taliban Leadership

The Afghan media came under attack, and after the Taliban took over, a maximum percentage of Afghan media outlets were closed, or were operating under threat and self censoring.

Where does the Taliban Government Stand?

Countries did not formally recognised the Taliban government and there were economic sanctions imposed against Afghanistan. However, China’s foreign Minister called for an end to all economic sanctions on Afghanistan. Russia, Turkey, Iran also mentioned that they will not acknowledge the Taliban – led government until they become inclusive.

Pakistan called for greater international engagement with the Taliban and urged them to create a more inclusive government.

 


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