Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill 2018: Strikes Nationwide- Reasons and critical Analysis - Seeker's Thoughts

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Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill 2018: Strikes Nationwide- Reasons and critical Analysis

Constitutional Position of Motor, Vehicles and Roads- The laws related to vehicle come under concurrent list of the Indian Constitution. When a subject comes under the concurrent list, the Parliament is authorized to make the rules defining powers to the States.

What governs the States and why the new amendments are needed?
The country was being governed by the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988. It has certain crucial issues to be addressed, which are given below.

1.       Improved road safety, ensure orderly use of vehicles and expand public transport.

2.       The system lacked transparency, and unprofessional behavior remained prevalent.

3.       State run services are not updated either

4.       Investments in urban metro rail systems are also yielding poor results

5.       Absence of last mile connectivity is also a major issue

The motor Vehicle Amendment Bill 2018 and Problems with the new Amendment
The Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill was passed in lok Sabha but stuck in to Rajya Sabha. In fact the protest was also done in some part of the country as there is a level of discomfort due to following reasons-

1.       Some states are concerned that power will shift to center that will make centre dominant.

2.       States are also concerned with new provisions of 66 A and 88A, which empower Centre to form a National Transportation Policy.

3.       These changes will also enable centrally drafted schemes to be issues for national, multi modal and interstate movements of goods and passengers for rural mobility and even last mile connectivity.

4.       States have opposed it in being anti-federal in nature.

5.       The new bill also takes into accounts to the taxi aggregators, third party insurance, and computerization of licensing authorities and so on.

6.       It also provides for a National Road Safety Board- which will again be dominated by the central government

7.       The bill seeks for taking licensing process online, due to which RTO office which comes under state may further make states helpless.

8.       The new rates of fines are imposed, so is the age for reviving and validity of license.

A way ahead according to the MVA Bill -
MVA needs to set a bench mark for the states to perform, which would be a healthy in long run. Well run public bus services with suitable permit is the need of hour. Introduction of new way of performing task with updated technology is needed – like having aggregators.

Aggregators- the Bill defined aggregators as digital intermediaries or a market place for a passenger to connect with a driver for purpose of transportation which comes till now under IT act 2000

Vehicle recall- In case of the defective vehicles the manufacturers have to recall the vehicles and reimburse all buyers with full cost of vehicles

Road Safety is needed and the bill supports enough provisions for that.

The effort to curb institutionalized corruption at Regional Transport Offices by making it possible for dealers to directly register new vehicles and enabling online application for driving licenses is welcome.

Conclusion- Passing of the bill remains crucial, and states should reconsider their decision about the bill.