Muslim’s economic conditions in India – No sign of improvements - Seeker's Thoughts

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Saturday, 10 November 2018

Muslim’s economic conditions in India – No sign of improvements

The National Sample Survey Office's labor force survey reports that the economic condition of Muslims does not show any signs of improvement however, India is growing fast. Muslims face vicious cycle of poverty, which is not so prevalent among other communities.   

Some Finding – Lowest Education Levels
The NSSO 68th round (2011-12) provides estimates of education levels and job market indicators across major religious communities in India. The educational attainment of Muslims is the least among all these communities. In urban areas, the number of male Muslim postgraduates is as low as 15 per 1,000. 
This number is about four times lower than that of other communities, including Hindus, Christians and Sikhs. The situation is similar for Muslim women. The number of male graduates among Muslims is 71 per 1,000, less than even half the number of graduates (per 1,000) in other communities. Similarly, the number of Muslims educated up to the secondary and higher secondary levels are 162 and 90 per 1,000 persons, respectively, again the least among all the communities.
Among various religious groups, Muslims have the lowest living standard with the average per capita expenditure of just Rs. 32.66 in a day, says a government survey. At the other end of the spectrum, the Sikh community enjoys a much better lifestyle as the average per capita spending among them is Rs. 55.30 per day, while the same for Hindus is Rs. 37.50. For Christians it is Rs. 51.43.

 The highest Level of illiteracy – A circle of Poverty
The lack of higher education is adversely affecting their job indicators. The dynamics of labour markets are largely a function of the degrees of knowledge and skills. The quality of employment is strongly linked to levels of education and skills. Therefore, if a community is lagging in education, it risks being trapped in a vicious circle of poverty
Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR)- Muslim Women – The worse
Given that Muslims live predominantly in urban areas (unlike other poorer communities like SCs/STs), where work outside the home could be available, this low LFPR is likely explained by their low levels of education.
The need of Emotional Intelligence in the time of Artificial Intelligence.
Justice Sachar Committee Report-
The Justice Sachar Committee’s report was submitted in Nov,2006 to that time Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The Sachar Committee report is an indirect conclusion of - The condition of Muslims remains backward.  it was asked to study the social, economic and educational status of Muslims in India, based on the 2001 Census, as well as on data provided by NSSO, CSO, Election Commission etc. In the process, it sometimes made comparison with Dalits, OBCs and even the upper caste Hindu population. At some places, comparisons have been made among different religious communities of the country.
The role of Government
The government has to pay attention to improve the education level among every community, yet there has to be an implementation of various strategies which promote education among Muslims. The cost of education should be reduced to the minimum, and the quality of education should be improved.
The Society- The positive outlook towards education
The society remains the main culprit of its own thinking where education is given less priorities. However, the cultural ideologies against higher education are often ignored as this may further lead to chaos. The individuals have to come forward to bring reform in social structures which are against obtaining education.