Types of Vedas - Seeker's Thoughts

Recent Posts

Seeker's Thoughts

A blog for the curious and the creative.

Types of Vedas


Types of Vedas

Each Vedas consist of four books - Samhitas, Aranyakas, Brahmanas, and Upanishads - each providing hymns in praise of various gods.


 Want to Read Rig Veda: Buy Now: Click here!


 There are four types of Vedas: Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda.


 Each Veda is divided into four subdivisions: Samhitas (mantras and benedictions), Aranyakas (text on rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices, and symbolic-sacrifices), Brahmanas (commentaries on rituals, ceremonies, and sacrifices), and Upanishads (texts discussing meditation, philosophy, and spiritual knowledge). 


Some scholars add a fifth category, Upasanas (worship). The Vedas are the basis of classical Hinduism and have formed the Indian scripture.

 Want to Read Sam Veda: Click here to buy


Rig Veda contains liturgical hymns dating back to 1600 BCE, while Yajur Veda comprises prose texts. However, there are following parts of Vedas: 


Types of Vedas



The Samhitas (Veda Samhitas) are the initial parts of the Vedas. These portions include mantras as prayers directed toward deities and nature itself; organized according to each of the four Vedas into sections called mandapas; including hymns, religious formulas for worshiping, and other texts that serve as reference points for students studying them. They're commonly used by students as an important resource when studying Veda texts.


Samhita derives its meaning from two root words sam (to put together) and hita ("wholesome, arranged"). This term can refer to various aspects of Vedantic teachings such as joining letters by following certain rules; any systematic collection of texts or verses; etc.


According to some accounts, Vedas were taught orally for millennia before finally being recorded in fourteen centuries prior to our era. These scriptures consist of many parts, each dedicated for specific tasks: Rg Veda for rituals and worship; Sama Veda for sacrifices and prayers; Yajur Veda for war study and finally Atharva Veda for mandra/poetry studies among them all!


Each Veda can be broken down into four distinct texts known as Samhitas, Aranyakas, Brahmanas and Upanishads. Of these four books, the Upanishads serve as commentary and interpretation on each Veda; these texts can help scholars and spiritual seekers alike gain a better understanding of its deeper meanings.


The Rig Veda contains samhitas that detail both God and human nature as well as spiritual freedom, with main deities being Agni (agniH), Indra (indrH), Varuna (varunnH), Ushas (ushasH), Savita (svitaH), and Pusha (pusssaH).


The Yajur Veda is dedicated to ritual offerings to the gods known as yajnas. This Veda includes recitations, mantras and chants directly involved with these offerings called "samhitas," including prayers for longevity, protection from certain diseases and family welfare as well as upanayana ceremonies for children as well as upanayana as well as wearing amulets for protection and wearing head-shaving ceremonies for kids as part of this protection ritual. 


Furthermore it includes suktas that bring prosperity as well as safeguards tradesmen when working overseas.




The Aranyakas (literally "forest books") are religious texts from the Vedas. Written by hermit-like rishis who spent much of their lives living in nature, these hermitical scriptures form an intermediary link between Samhitas and Brahmanas and contain philosophical speculation on subjects like god, soul, brahma and universe.


They may not be as lengthy or detailed as Samhitas and Brahmanas, but are nonetheless influential works. Focused more on philosophical and mystical subjects rather than ritualized ceremonies found in Brahmanas, Vedas are an excellent introduction into Vedism for beginners.


Aranyaks can be divided into seven parts, each dedicated to a particular topic. The first two cover mantras and chants from Samhita part of Vedas; five cover philosophy. Of these five sections, Aitareya Aranyaka stands out due to its discussion on nature of universe over time.


According to Aitareya Aranyaka, those who observe Vedic rituals and laws will go directly into heaven where they will experience life fully. On the other hand, those who break these laws will be born into lower worlds because the universe comprises three layers - heaven, atmosphere and earth - with heaven being related to sun, fire and air; atmosphere to water and ether; and earth as storehouse of treasure and food resources.


These texts were composed in the forest by hermits as philosophical meditations on soul, world and god, as well as ascetic virtues essential to life of worship. Composed between Samhitas and Upanishads for personal spiritual preparation of becoming an anchorite (life spent reflecting and contemplating spiritual truths). Hindus hold these works highly.




The Brahmanas are prose texts which explain hymns found in Samhitas of Vedas. Additionally, these works also contain early versions of myths and legends. Originally, "brahmana" referred to priestly explanations of ritual, but later it came to refer to any collection of such explanations. According to Apastamba's classification system, Brahmanas are divided into six categories: Vidhi, Arthavada Ninda Prashansha Parakriti Upakalpa


The Vedas provide an expansive source of knowledge that bridges both physical and spiritual realms, with their doctrine attributed to God as gifts that cannot be fully explained through rational inquiry. They were transmitted directly by seers known as rishis who claimed they received them directly from Him through direct communion; these sacred texts are believed to contain His breath.


According to the Vedas, man is an integral part of nature and has the power to achieve ultimate freedom; but in order to do this, it must first understand reality's true nature and find his or her identity through self-exploration. These four Vedas are considered foundational texts of Hindu philosophy and religion.


Vedas had long been transmitted orally for generations until around 1500 - 500 BCE during the Vedic Period when they were written down and carefully preserved by masters who required students to memorize them backwards and forwards with emphasis on pronunciation in order to preserve their meaning and maintain its integrity.


Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda were the early texts, consisting of mantras for sacrifice ceremonies and prayers to achieve wealth or mourn for departed loved ones. Over time more mystical texts such as Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads came into being.


The Upanishads are considered the final part of the Vedas, offering insight into the nature of existence and of the universe. They examine questions of faith and morality through series of questions; while difficult to grasp at first, their reading can provide invaluable knowledge of Vedic philosophy and religion.




Upanishads are texts that teach about the Self, Brahman and moksha (liberation from rebirths). Upanishad means "to sit at their feet or abide near," and develop a philosophy known as the Eternal Order - with one God (Brahman) ruling over all reality through one single universe and various rituals that lead to liberation; additionally they contain teachings about human reality and our role within it.


Upanishads represent some of the most complex philosophical views found within Hinduism, encompassing topics like atman, moksha and karma as well as teaching about self-realization through yoga and meditation practices. These texts have enormous relevance in Indian culture today and continue to have an effectful presence.


Early Upanishads do not specifically discuss moksa; instead they focus on an endless cycle of rebirths and death. By contrast, later Upanishads emphasize moksa as an attainable freedom from samsara that can be accomplished with devotion and knowledge.


At the time of the Upanishads, atman had taken on multiple meanings. Rgvedic texts used this term both to refer to breath and spirit; while Upanishads used it more speculatively. For example, Mundaka Upanishad taught that individual souls are part of Brahman, while Prashna Upanishad saw atman as spiritual essence or life force.


Upanishads also began to utilize interpretative and introspective approaches as modes of philosophical inquiry, perhaps due to the increasing popularity of Vedanta school philosophers who frequently referenced Upanishads when discussing other schools such as Nyaya or Samkhya.


Sankara was one of the foremost Vedanta philosophers, his influence shaping Hindu philosophy for centuries to come. He championed non-dualism which states that Atman and Brahman are equivalent.

No comments:

Post a Comment